Analysis was made of literature on mosquitoes, from the standpoint of prospects for biological control of their larval stages. The possibilities are discussed of utilizing the following phenomena in such control: biocenotic (predation, competition for food, parasitisation), population (density - dependent processes) and habitat phenomena (habitat structure, water management): Attention is drawn to the fact that successful results in control operations have been obtained mainly by means of the direct action on mosquitoes of a factor which has been introduced or modified by men. This is the case in utilization of the predatory activities of fish for reduction of mosquitoes, in introducing parasites or pathogenes of mosquitoes or doing away with mosquito breeding places by draining land.There are also possibillities of making use of indirect action, for instance by introducing nutria into the control of mosquitoes. The influence of these animals consists mainly in intensification of the predatory activities of a large number of aquatic predators in relation to mosquitoes, through conditioning of the environment (rerrnoval of shore-1ine vegetation and prevention of the development of floating vegetation).
Abell D. L., 1949 - Observations on mosquito populations of an intermittent foothill stream in California - Ecology, 40: 186-193.
Abdel-Malek A., l948 - Plant hormones (auxins) as a factor in the hatching of Aedes trivittatus (Coquillett) eggs - Am. Ent. Soc. 1.
Assem van den J., 1958 - Some experimental evidence for the survival value of the rootpiercing habits of Mansonia larvae (Culicidae) to predators - Ent. Exp. Appl., 1: 125-l29.
Bhatia M. L., Wattal B. L., 1958 - Preliminary observation on viability of submerged eggs mosquitoes - Indian J. Malariol. 12: 1-12.
Bozkov D., 1953 - Mogut li licinki An. maculipennis poedat jaica togo ze vida - Izv. zool. Inst. Sofia, 2: 163-188.
Brown A. W., l960 - Ecological consequences of the developement of resistance - 8th Technical Meeting Warsaw-Cracow, int. Union Conserv. Nature and Natur. Resources, pp. 1-4.
Chapman H. C., 1967 - A survey of Nauru island for mosquitos and their internal pathogens and parasites - WHO (WBC) 67.28.
Dąbrowska-Prot E., 1970 - Ryby jako czynnik redukcji i regulacji liczebności komarów w biocenozie - Wiad. ekol. 16: 285-292.
Detinova T. S., l962 - Metody ustanovlenija dvukrylych nasekomych imejuscich medicinskoe znacenie - Geneva, 220 pp.
Docenko A. A., 1957 - Malarija i borba s nej - Med. Paraz. dok. 1.
Ehrlich, S., Spielberg D., 1960 - Alteration of the environment of Anopheles larvae by nutria in the Naaman swamps, Acre district, Israel - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 9: 265-268.
Gerberich J. B., Laird M., 1966 - An annotated bibliography of papers relating to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish (revised and enlarged to 1965) - WHO (EBL) 66.71: 1-107.
Gillies M., 1960 - Interspecific competition in mosquitoes has it any bearing on biological control – 11 intern. Kongres Entom., Wien.
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Dąbrowska-Prot, Eliza Łuczak, Jadwiga
Dąbrowska-Prot, Eliza Łuczak, Jadwiga Tarwid, Kazimierz