Tytuł: The unwritten ‘laws of migration’: reflections on inequalities, aspirations and cultures of migration

Inny tytuł:

Europa XXI 37 (2019)



Miejsce wydania:



Każdy numer posiada własny tytuł.


Ever since Ravenstein’s work on the “Laws of Migration”, the determinants/drivers of migration--that is, the question: ‘Why do people migrate?’ – has been at the heart of migration studies. The exploration of migration/mobility processes also emphasizes the ways that migrants decide to leave and embark on their journey and how migratory practices may orient and motivate the (im)mobility decisions and aspirations of other migrant actors, establishing various ‘cultures of migration’ and creating new ‘imaginaries of mobility’ that shape future movements. The paper aims to explore the changing aspirations of migration that influence the migration decision-making of Romanian migrants and the way these are shaped by micro, meso and structural factors in both sending and receiving countries.


Adey, P. (2010). Mobility. New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis.
Appadurai, A. (2004). The capacity to aspire. Culture and the Terms of Recognition. In R., Vijayendra & M., Walton (Eds.). Culture and Public Action (pp. 59-84). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Arango, J. (2000). Explaining migration: a critical view. International Social Science Journal, 52(165), 283-296.
Baldwin-Edwards, M. (2009). Regularisations in Europe, Country studies: Greece. In M., Baldwin-Edwards & A. Kraler (Eds.). REGINE - Regularisations in Europe (pp.297-330). Amsterdam: European Commission and Amsterdam University Press.
Ban, C. (2012). Economic transnationalism and its ambiguities: The case of Romanian migration to Italy. International Migration, 50(6), 129-149.
Bastianon, C. D. (2019). Youth Migration Aspirations in Georgia and Moldova. Migration Letters, 16(1), 105-121.
Bertaux, D., & Thompson, P. R. (2009). Pathways to Social Class: A Qualitative Approach to Social Mobility. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.
Boccagni, P. (2017). Aspirations and the subjective future of migration: comparing views and desires of the "time ahead" through the narratives of immigrant domestic workers. Comparative Migration Studies, 5(4).
Carling, J. (2002). Migration in the age of involuntary immobility: Theoretical reflections and Cape Verdean experiences. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(1), 5-42. https://doi:10.1080/13691830120103912
Carling, J., & Collins, F. (2018). Aspiration, desire and drivers of migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(6), 909-926.
Carling, J., & Schewel, K. (2018). Revisiting aspiration and ability in international migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(6), 945-963.
Castles, S. (2010). Understanding Global Migration: A Social Transformation Perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(10), 1565-1586.
Ciobanu, R. O. (2015). Multiple Migration Flows of Romanians. Mobilities, 10(3), 466-485.
Cohen, J. H. (2004). The Culture of Migration in Southern Mexico. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Cohen, J. H., & Sirkeci, I. (2011). Cultures of Migration: The Global Nature of Contemporary Mobility. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Creighton, M. J. (2013). The role of aspirations in domestic and international migration. The Social Science Journal, 50(1), 79-88.
de Haas, H. (2014). Migration theory: Quo Vadis? Oxford: International Migration Institute, University of Oxford.
de Haas, H., Castles, S., & Miller, M. J. (2020). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world (6th edition). London: Red Globe Press.
Diminescu, D. (2005). Assessment and Evaluation of Bilateral Labour Agreements Signed by Romania. In Migration for Employment: Bilateral Agreements at a Crossroads, Paris: OECD Publishing.
Dospinescu, A., & Russo, G. (2018). Romania Systematic Country Diagnostic Background Note Migration. Washington DC: The World Bank. Retrieved from
Ducu, V. (2018). Romanian Transnational Families: Gender, Family Practices and Difference. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Elrick, T., & Ciobanu, O. (2009). Migration networks and policy impacts: insights from Romanian-Spanish migrations. Global Networks, 9(1), 100-116.
Faist, T. (1997). The crucial meso-level. In T., Hammar, G., Brochmann, K., Tamas & T., Faist (Eds.). International Migration, Immobility and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (pp. 187-217). Oxford, New York: Berg.
Findlay, A., McCollum, D., Coulter, R., & Gayle, V. (2015). New Mobilities Across the Life Course: a Framework for Analysing Demographically Linked Drivers of Migration. Population, Space and Place, 21(4), 390-402.
Frändberg, L. (2008). Paths in transnational time-space: Representing mobility biographies of young Swedes. Geografiska Annaler: Series B. Human Geography, 90(1), 17-28.
Fratsea, L. M., & Papadopoulos, A. G. (2020). The social and spatial mobility strategies of migrants: Romanian migrants in rural Greece. In J. F., Rye & K. O'Reilly (Eds.). International Labour Migration to Europe's Rural Regions. Routledge (forthcoming).
Gabriel Anghel, R. (2008). Changing Statuses: Freedom of Movement, Locality and Transnationality of Irregular Romanian Migrants in Milan. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(5), 787-802.
Glick Schiller, N., & Salazar, N. B. (2013). Regimes of Mobility Across the Globe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(2), 183-200.
Grigg, D. B. (1977). E. G. Ravenstein and the "Laws of Migration". Journal of Historical Geography, 3(1), 41-54.
Halfacree, K. H., & Boyle, P. J. (1993). The challenge facing migration research: the case for a biographical approach. Progress in Human Geography, 17(3), 333-348.
Haug, S. (2008). Migration Networks and Migration Decision-Making. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(4), 585-605.
Horváth, I. (2008). The culture of migration of rural Romanian youth. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(5), 771-786.
Horváth, I., & Gabriel Anghel, R. (2009). Migration and its consequences for Romania. Südosteuropa, 57(4), 386-403.
Iosifides, T., & Sporton, D. (2009). Editorial: Biographical methods in migration research. Migration Letters, 6(2), 101-108.
Kley, S. (2011). Explaining the stages of migration within a life-course framework. European sociological review, 27(4), 469-486.
Krissman, F. (2005). Sin Coyote Ni Patrón: Why the "Migrant Network" Fails to Explain International Migration. International Migration Review, 39(1), 4-44.
Lawson, A. V. (2000). Arguments within geographies of movement: the theoretical potential of migrants' stories. The Progress in Human Geography, 24(2), 173-189.
Lee, E. S. (1966). A theory of migration. Demography, 3(1), 47-57.
Levitt, P., & Glick Schiller, N. (2004). Conceptualizing simultaneity: a transnational social field perspective on society. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1002-1039.
Lulle, A., Moroşanu, L., & King, R. (2018). And then came Brexit: Experiences and future plans of young EU migrants in the London region. Population, Space and Place, 24(1), e2122.
Marcu, S. (2018). Mobility as a support strategy: Linked lives through the life course among Eastern Europeans in Spain. Geoforum, 97, 335-342.
Massey, D. S., Arango, J., Hugo, G., Kouaouci, A., Adela, P., & Taylor, J. E. (1993). Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal. Population and Development Review, 19(3), 431-466.
OECD (2018). International Migration Outlook 2018. Paris: OECD Publishing.
OECD (2019). Talent Abroad: A Review of Romanian Emigrants. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Papadopoulos, A. G., & Fratsea, L.-M. (2017). Temporary Migrant Workers in Greek Agriculture International Politics. Berlin: Heinrich Böll Foundation.
Potot, S. (2008). Romanian migration movements: networks as informal transnational organisations. In C., Bonifazi, M., Okólski, J., Schoorl & P., Simon (Eds.). International Migration in Europe (pp. 87-103). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Potot, S. (2010). Transitioning strategies of economic survival: Romanian migration during the transition process. In R., Black, G., Engbersen & M., Okólski (Eds.). A continent moving west?: EU enlargement and labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe (pp. 249-270). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Portes, A., McLeod, J. S. A., & Parker, R. N. (1978). Immigrant Aspirations. Sociology of Education, 51(4), 241-260.
Ravenstein, E. G. (1885). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 48(2), 167-235.
Ravenstein, E. G. (1889). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 52(2), 241-301.
Rogaly, B. (2015). Disrupting migration stories: reading life histories through the lens of mobility and fixity. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 33(3), 528-544.
Salazar, N. B. (2011). The Power of Imagination in Transnational Mobilities. Identities, 18(6), 576-598.
Sandu, D. (2005). Dynamics of Romanian Emigration After 1989: From a Macro- to a Micro-Level Approach. International Journal of Sociology, 35(3), 36-56.
Sandu, D. (2005). Emerging Transnational Migration from Romanian Villages. Current Sociology, 53(4), 555-582.
Scheibelhofer, E. (2017). Shifting migration aspirations in second modernity. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(6), 999-1014.
Sheller, M., & Urry, J. (2006). The new mobilities paradigm. Environment and Planning A, 38(2), 207-226.
Sirkeci, I., & Cohen, J. H. (2016). Cultures of Migration and Conflict in Contemporary Human Mobility in Turkey. European Review, 24(3), 381-396.
Thompson, P. (2004). Researching family and social mobility with two eyes: some experiences of the interaction between qualitative and quantitative data. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(3), 237-257.
Timmerman, C., Hemmerechts, K., & De Clerck, H. M.-L. (2014). The Relevance of a "Culture of Migration" in Understanding Migration Aspirations in Contemporary Turkey. Turkish Studies, 15(3), 496-518.
Urry, J. (2000). Sociology Beyond Societies Mobilities for the Twenty First Century. London: Routledge.
Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities. Oxford: Polity Press.
Van Hear, N., Bakewell, O., & Long, K. (2018). Push-pull plus: reconsidering the drivers of migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(6), 927-944.
Van Meeteren, M. (2014). Irregular Migrants in Belgium and the Netherlands: Aspirations and Incorporation. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Van Mol, C., Snel, E., Hemmerechts, K., & Timmerman, C. (2018). Migration aspirations and migration cultures: A case study of Ukrainian migration towards the European Union. Population, Space and Place, 24(5), e2131.
Wright, K. (2012). International migration, development and human wellbeing. London: Springer.


Europa XXI



Strona pocz.:


Strona końc.:


Szczegółowy typ zasobu:




Identyfikator zasobu: ; 1429-7132 ; 10.7163/Eu21.2019.37.2


CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, sygn.: Cz.6406, Cz.6407 ; kliknij tutaj, żeby przejść



Język streszczenia:



Licencja Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0

Zasady wykorzystania:

Zasób chroniony prawem autorskim. [CC BY 4.0 Międzynarodowe] Korzystanie dozwolone zgodnie z licencją Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0, której pełne postanowienia dostępne są pod adresem: ; -


Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Lokalizacja oryginału:

Centralna Biblioteka Geografii i Ochrony Środowiska Instytutu Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN

Dofinansowane ze środków:

Program Operacyjny Polska Cyfrowa, lata 2014-2020, Działanie 2.3 : Cyfrowa dostępność i użyteczność sektora publicznego; środki z Europejskiego Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego oraz współfinansowania krajowego z budżetu państwa





Styl cytowania:

Ta strona wykorzystuje pliki 'cookies'. Więcej informacji