Cyclophilins (CyPs) constitute a large class of highly conserved, ubiquitousPPlases (EC 22.214.171.124) that together with FK560 binding proteins (FKBP) and parvulinsbelong to a superfamily of immunophilins. These three classes of proteins areeasily distinguishable by their selective interactions with immunosuppressivedrugs. Cyclophilins are targets for cyclosporin A (CsA), parvulins bind juglone(5-hydroxy-l.4-naphthoquinone) and FKBP, they are inhibited either by FK560drug or by rapamycin. Despite the lack of structural similarity, all these proteinshave been shown to act as peptidylprolyl cis-trans isomerases. In all cases, binding of the drug inhibits their PPIase activity. Distinct isoforms of cyclophilinshave been localized in the cytoplasm, nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts andendoplasmic reticulum.
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