The world seems mainly to comprise nation states that are independent and based on one nation, if sometimes with certain minorities within it. Thus, at first glance the model seems to be of ‘a nation establishing its boundaries’. However, a ‘boundaries that made a nation’ model also in fact exists – in which nations were created after boundaries were laid down. The independent states in the Mediterranean region forming the main subject of study here are found to belong to both of the above models, with the result that they place overall between the European model of ‘nation states’ and the African and Middle Eastern model by which ‘boundaries make nations’.
Al-Baharna, H. M. (1975). The Arabian Gulf States: Their legal and political status and their international problems. Beirut: Librairie Du Liban.
Biger, G. (1981). Where Was Palestine, Pre-World War I Perception. Area, 13(2), 153-160.
Biger, G. (1995). The Encyclopedia of International Boundaries. New York, NY: Facts on File.
Biger, G. (2004). The boundaries of Modern Palestine. London: Routledge Curzon.
Biger, G. (2008). Britain role as a boundary maker in the Middle East. In Z., Levey & E., Podeh (Eds.). Britain and the Middle East: From Imperial Power to Junior Partner (pp. 21-32). Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.
Biger, G. (2011). On Nations and International Boundaries - The European Case. European Spatial Research and Policy, 18(2), 70-77. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10105-011-0013-0
Blake, G. H., & Drysdale, A. (1985). The Middle East and North Africa: A Political Geography. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Brownlie, I. (1979). African Boundaries: a Legal and Diplomatic Encyclopaedia. London, Los Angeles, CA: C. Hurst.
Ehrlich, E., Flexner, S. B., Carruth, G., & Hawkins, J. M. (1980). Oxford American Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Girot, P. O. (Ed.). (1994). The Americas, World Boundaries (vol. 4). London: Routledge.
Gonen, A. (Ed.). (1993). The Encyclopaedia of the Peoples of the World. New York, NY: Henry Holt.
Ireland, G. (1971). Boundaries, Possessions and Conflicts in South America. New York, NY: Octagon Books.
King, R., Proudfoot, L., & Smith, B. (Eds.). (1997). The Mediterranean - Environment and Society. London: Arnold.
Lanyi, G. A., & McWilliams, W. C. (1966). Crisis and Continuity in World Politic. New York, NY: Random.
Minogue, K.R. (1967). Nationalism. London: B. T. Batsford.
Muir, R. (1975). Modern Political Geography. London: Macmillan Press.
Prescott, J. R. V. (1975). Map of Mainland Asia by Treaty. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
Touval, S. (1972). The Boundary Politics of Independent Africa. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
WF (2018). The World Factbook. Washington, DC: CIA.
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.
Oct 13, 2023
Sep 27, 2021
|Biger G. : On nations and international boundaries – the case of the Mediterranean region||Oct 13, 2023|
Wapiński, Roman (1931–2008)
Materski, Wojciech (1944– )
Kosidło, Adam (1947– )
Tabaczyński, Stanisław (1930– )