Object

Title: The age of the oldest Paleolithic assemblages from Biśnik Cave (southern Poland) in the light of geological data

Creator:

Krajcarz, Maciej T.

Date issued/created:

2011

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Przegląd Archeologiczny T.59 (2011)

Contributor:

Cyrek, Krzysztof

Publisher:

Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk ; Ośrodek Badań nad Kulturą Późnego Antyku i Wczesnego Średniowiecza

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm ; Bibliography p. 72-74

Abstract:

Biśnik Cave is a multi-layer site, which contains one of the oldest Paleolithic settlement levels in Poland. The character of the oldest inventory from the cave is depicted by the domination of the Levallois technique for obtaining flakes and blades. The tools included: forms with one side preparation technique connected with different types of side scrapers and small side scrapers, denticulate and notch forms. Bifacial artifacts are absent. Because of a small number of the inventory, we can only conclude that it is a typological collection of artifacts characteristic of the Mousterian tradition, broadly speaking. The oldest assemblages were found in Layers 19a, 19b, 19c and 19d. Sedimentological analysis show that the whole of Layers 19b-19c-19d should be treated as a deluvial sediment resulting from the series of several mudslides. The same interpretation could be concluded on the basis of geochemical data acquired for bone remains. Flint objects found in Layer 19a are the oldest artifacts in the position in situ. The date obtained for the Layer 19a (230 ± 51 ka) lets us determine the approximate age of the sediment and artifacts, which is oxygen isotope stage OIS 7. All of the older artifacts found in Layers 19d and 19b-19c are located on the secondary deposit. The TL date obtained for the sediment of one of the deluvial layers (569 ± 182 ka), as well as the date obtained for the burned flint tool (568 ± 131 ka) point to the early Middle Pleistocene age of at least some of the redeposited sediments and artifacts

Relation:

Przegląd Archeologiczny

Volume:

59

Start page:

55

End page:

74

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:50748 ; oai:rcin.org.pl:50748 ; 0079-7138

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P III 149 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 272 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 353 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Ministry of Science and Higher Education

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