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Title: Usłyszałam za sobą dźwięk przekręcanego klucza, a potem zostawiono mnie sam na sam z myślami…” : areszt wewnętrzny WUBP/WUdsBP w Szczecinie w latach 1945–1956


Dźwigał, Magdalena

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały 13 (2015)


Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences


Instytut Historii PAN

Place of publishing:



p. 51-82 ; Summary eng., pol.

Type of object:



The article presents the activities of voivodeship custodies of the public security agencies in the first decade of the communist regime in Poland (1945–1956) on the example of the Custody of the Voivode Office of Public Security (WUBP/WUdsBP) in Szczecin. The author tried to look at the problem from the organizational perspective. She attempted to reconstruct their place in the structures of the voivodeship offices, show the competence division among the officers employed there and characterize the cadre of the arrest in Szczecin. Next, the author described the building itself, including its condition and facilities in cells, concentrating on “everyday life” in custody during the analyzed time. In many respects the conditions presented in the article were worse than those in prisons or in some work camps. Custody prisoners had no right to contact their families or their lawyers, they did not receive any food parcels, newspapers or books. In crowded cells they were waiting for interrogations, which were the most violent at that time. The methods of interrogations together with conditions affronting human dignity were supposed to break down prisoners and accelerate the completion of the investigation. Yet, many prisoners resided the persecutions for years. The article is based on source materials collected in the archives of the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN), on various documents from questioned victims gathered by the Regional Commission for the Investigation of Crimes against the Polish Nation (OKŚZpNP) in Szczecin and on a few memoirs of the victims.


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Zwolski M., „Pawilony śledcze” oraz areszty podległe wydziałom śledczym WUBP w świetle inspekcji z 1952 r., „Aparat Represji w Polsce Ludowej 1944–1989” 4 (2006), nr 2, s. 359–370.
Zwolski M., Śladami zbrodni okresu stalinowskiego w województwie białostockim, Białystok 2013.
Zwolski M., Więzienie w Białymstoku w latach 1944–1956, Białystok 2011.


Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały



Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:

Article : original article



Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:59757 ; 2450-8357


IH PAN, sygn. B.155/13 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. B.156/13 ; click here to follow the link




Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS





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