Object

Title: Polityka rentowo-emerytalna i legitymizacja władzy w Polsce (grudzień1970–1972)

Creator:

Jarosz, Dariusz (1959- )

Date issued/created:

2015

Resource Type:

Article : original article

Subtitle:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały 13 (2015)

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Instytut Historii PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 129-144 ; Table included. ; Summary eng., pol.

Abstract:

The most important task faced by Edward Gierek in December 1970, after taking up the position of first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, was to calm the situation in the country, and then to legitimize his power. One of the elements of this process was a change in the pension insurance system. The integration of “social issues” into the program of the new Polish authorities was approved by the Soviet leadership headed by Leonid Brezhnev during Edward Gierek and Piotr Jaroszewicz’s visit to Moscow on 5 January 1971. During the first two years of Gierek’s rule the significant changes in this system were made. The most important included: the increase of the lowest pensions, adoption of the so-called Teacher Card (April 1972) with beneficial changes in the social security system, Social Security Law for artisans (June 1972), and the decree on retirement of the political and state management and members of their families (October 1972). There was also a discussion held about decreasing of the retirement age. These moves, however, did not improve significantly the material situation of the majority of pensioners.

References:

Dwilewicz Ł., Kupowanie poparcia. Polityka gospodarcza jako środek stabilizacji wewnętrznej w Polsce w pierwszych miesiącach rządów Edwarda Gierka, „Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość” 2008, nr 2, s. 157–177.
Dwilewicz Ł., Polityka gospodarcza a spokój społeczny. Posunięcia władz partyjnych i państwowych od grudnia 1970 r. do grudnia 1971 r., w: Gospodarka i społeczeństwo w czasach PRL-u, red. E. Kościk, T. Głowiński, Wrocław 2007, s. 333–353.
Inglot T., Welfare States in East Central Europe 1919–2004, Cambridge 2008.
Jackowiak Cz., Kierunki rozwoju ubezpieczeń społecznych, w: Rozwój ubezpieczeń społecznych w Polsce, Warszawa 1991.
Jarosz D., Emeryci w przestrzeni społecznej Polski gomułkowskiej, „Polska 1944/45–1989. Studia i materiały” 11 (2013), s. 67–91.
Mackiewicz-Golnik L., Powszechne ubezpieczenie emerytalne, Warszawa 1983.
Muszalski W., Zatrudnienie a ubezpieczenie społeczne, Warszawa 1992.
Tajne dokumenty Biura Politycznego. Grudzień 1970, oprac. P. Domański, Londyn 1991.

Relation:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały

Volume:

13

Start page:

129

End page:

144

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:59760 ; 2450-8357

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. B.155/13 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. B.156/13 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

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