Title: Polityka rentowo-emerytalna i legitymizacja władzy w Polsce (grudzień1970–1972)


Jarosz, Dariusz (1959- )

Date issued/created:


Resource Type:

Article : original article


Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały 13 (2015)


Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences


Instytut Historii PAN

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p. 129-144 ; Table included. ; Summary eng., pol.


The most important task faced by Edward Gierek in December 1970, after taking up the position of first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, was to calm the situation in the country, and then to legitimize his power. One of the elements of this process was a change in the pension insurance system. The integration of “social issues” into the program of the new Polish authorities was approved by the Soviet leadership headed by Leonid Brezhnev during Edward Gierek and Piotr Jaroszewicz’s visit to Moscow on 5 January 1971. During the first two years of Gierek’s rule the significant changes in this system were made. The most important included: the increase of the lowest pensions, adoption of the so-called Teacher Card (April 1972) with beneficial changes in the social security system, Social Security Law for artisans (June 1972), and the decree on retirement of the political and state management and members of their families (October 1972). There was also a discussion held about decreasing of the retirement age. These moves, however, did not improve significantly the material situation of the majority of pensioners.


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Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały



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oai:rcin.org.pl:59760 ; 2450-8357


IH PAN, sygn. B.155/13 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. B.156/13 ; click here to follow the link




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Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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