RCIN and OZwRCIN projects

Object

Title: „Ciągle ścigam cenę samochodu” – oficjalna dystrybucja samochodów w Polsce 1980–1989

Creator:

Wilk, Hubert (1979– ) ORCID

Date issued/created:

2015

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały 13 (2015)

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Instytut Historii PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 145-166 ; Tables included [3] ; Summary eng., pol.

Type of object:

Journal/Article

Abstract:

In 1981 in Poland a new system of distribution of cars of Polish production was introduced, based on a prepayment system. The sale of 600.000 Polski Fiat 126p, 125p, FSO Polonez and still manufactured Syrena was planned. All people wanting to buy those cars had to make an advance payment of a part of the due price into special bank accounts, while the rest of the sum was to be paid in equal monthly installments. Within one month of the system operation Poles opened over 1.5 million those special accounts which meant that the planned quota of cars was exceeded more than two times, and the delivery date was delayed for few years. At the same time the constantly increasing price of a new car required the future car owners to expect an extra charge for the price on collection of the car. The Act of February 1982 made it possible to distribute cars on the basis of special vouchers that is personal permissions to buy cars. They were distributed among disabled persons, miners, physicians, veterinarians, but also journalists. Annually, up to several dozens of percent of cars allocated to the Polish market were distributed in this way. The third way to get the dream car was to pay for it in American dollars in so-called “internal export.” But also in this case the large number of payments made by people resulted in several months of delay. Dissatisfied Poles wanting to legally buy cars sent letters to the state institutions, complaining about the distribution systems, but also about the car prices at auctions, frequently exceeding the official prices by several tens or hundreds of percent.

References:

Cars as Favors in People’s Poland, w: The Socialist Car. Automobility in the Eastern Bloc, ed. L.H. Siegelbaum, Ithaca and London 2011, s. 30–46.
Jastrząb M., Socjalistyczna praworządność i egalitaryzm: Nadużycia władzy w epoce gierkowskiej i walka z nimi. Przykład talonów samochodowych, „Annales Universitatis Paedagigicae Cracoviensis. Studia Politologica” 2013, nr 132, s. 77–96.
Jezierski A., Leszczyńska C., Historia gospodarcza Polski, Warszawa 1997.
Komisja Tadeusza Grabskiego (1981). red. M. Jabłonowski, W. Janowski, Warszawa 2013 („Polska mniej znana 1944–1989”, t. 6).
Ropiński Z., Tak to bywało. Moje zapiski z lat 1977–1981, Bydgoszcz–Gdańsk 2013.

Relation:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały

Volume:

13

Start page:

145

End page:

166

Detailed Resource Type:

Article : original article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:59761 ; 2450-8357

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. B.155/13 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. B.156/13 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Access:

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