Object structure


The Tatar military art of war in the early modern period: an example of asymmetric warfare


Acta Poloniae Historica T. 114 (2016) ; Studies


Gliwa, Andrzej


Korecki, Tristan : Ed. ; Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences ; Polish National Historical Committee


Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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p. 191-229 ; 23 cm

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Subject and Keywords:

Tatars - military history ; asymmetric warfare ; civilians in war ; military art and science - 16th c. ; military art and science - 17th c. ; military history, early modern ; organised violence ; war amongst the people ; borderlands - Poland - history - 16th c. ; borderlands - Poland - history - 17th c.


The present analysis of military operations carried out by Tatar Hordes in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries has shown that these operations were basically shaped by asymmetric actions. Their main characteristics were secrecy of action up to the moment of attack, use of information-and-intelligence warfare struggle instruments, a total character of operations taken against civilians, their material resources and economic infrastructure, with use of terrorist tactics and means of psychological impact that aimed at intimidating the community under attack. The actions of Tatar Hordes were primarily focused on non-military aspects and took advantage not only of classic military tools but also a combination of political measures and instruments as well as those typical of economy, these including a variety of economic and demographic pressures. Pursuing asymmetric action was in the hands of the Giray (Gerey) dynasty one of the most important tools enabling them to efficiently achieve their political goals in the international arena and to support the economic development of the Crimean Khanate through permanent transfers of slaves and tangible property of various sorts.


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Acta Poloniae Historica



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Detailed Resource Type:

Article : original article



Resource Identifier:

2450-8462 ; 10.12775/APH.2016.114.07


IH PAN, sygn. A.295/114 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. A.296/114 ; click here to follow the link




Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

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Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund





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