Object

Title: The Construction of the Catholic Church in Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (Ussuriysk) in the Light of the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East in Vladivostok

Creator:

Adamczewski, Przemysław (1981- )

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource Type:

Article : original article

Subtitle:

Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej Vol. 52 no 1 (2017), Special Issue

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warsaw

Description:

p. 33-53 ; Summary in Polish, English and Russian ; Continues: Studia z Dziejów ZSRR i Europy Środkowej

Abstract:

The article presents documents pertaining to the construction of a Catholic church at Ussuriysk, kept in the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East in Vladivostok. The documents span the period between 1912 and 1921. They reveal that the Municipal Duma of Ussuriysk was in favour of the construction of a Catholic church in the town; this could be concluded from the fact that they gave free of charge a lot of land to the community of Catholics for that purpose. But the church was built on the lot belonging to a local entrepreneur, a certain Feliks Steckiewicz, for it was more suited to the needs of the Catholics due to its central location in the town. Initially Steckiewicz declared his intention to give the land to the Catholic parish. And because he was held in high esteem by the local community, he was put at the lead of a committee for the construction of the church. This made it possible for him to spent money collected by the faithful without any control. A conflict within the committee started when its members demanded financial reports. Steckiewicz never presented a financial statement; in addition, he withdrew his donation of land and demanded that the Catholic parish paid him for the church building constructed on his lot.Archival documents disprove the thesis, popular in the literature on the subject, that Steckiewicz’s actions were motivated by his fear of a growing strength of the Bolsheviks in Primorsky Krai and a possibility of nationalisation. The reasons for his actions were more mundane – his character that made it impossible for him to reach an agreement with the committee, and financial matters. This seems all the more probable in the light of testimonies of witnesses in court. They emphasised that Steckiewicz withdrew his donation of land to the church only after the committee requested financial reports and tallies of his expenses. It seems, therefore, that the local Polish community quarrelled not for political reasons, but financial matters related to the construction of a church.

References:

Efimova M., Harsh Vineyard: A History of Catholic Life in the Russian Far East, Bloomington, 2008. ; Jelčaninov O., Ustanovení katolické církevní organizace, její vývoj na Ruském Dálném Východě, od konce 19. století do 30. let Sovětského období, Olomouc, 2013. ; Nowak Е., Duszpasterstwo wojskowe katolickie i prawosławne w Rosji 1832–1914, Wilno, 1934. ; Proboszczowie, http://web.diecezja.wloclawek.pl/parafia/ciechocinek/proboszczowie.html. ; Всесоюзная перепись населения 1926 года. Национальный состав населения по регионам РСФСР, http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus_nac_26.php?reg=1410. ; Калинин В., Краткий исторический очерк города Никольск-Уссурийского, Владивосток, 2015. ; Первая всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи 1897 г. Распределение населения по родному языку и уездам Российской Империи кроме губерний Европейской России, http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/emp_lan_97_uezd.php?reg=691. ; Уссурийск Исторические фотографии, http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t= 1595252&page=18. ; Хвалин А., Из истории римо-католичества на Дальнем Востоке, http://ruskline.ru/ana- litika/2011/12/09/vlast_rimskogo_pontifika_protiv_vlasti_russkogo_carya/. ; Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям, http:// www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/afc8e- a004d56a39ab251f2bafc3a6fce.

Relation:

Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej

Volume:

52

Issue:

1, Special Issue

Start page:

33

End page:

53

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:64767 ; 2353-6403

Source:

click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Language of abstract:

pol ; eng ; rus

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Projects co-financed by:

Ministry of Science and Higher Education ; Activities popularizing science (DUN) ;

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