Object

Title: Gabriele D’Annunzio’s Coup in Rijeka (1919–1920) in the Context of Italian-Yugoslavian Relations

Creator:

Morawski, Konrad Sebastian

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej Vol. 52 no 2 (2017), Special Issue

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warsaw

Description:

p. 25-54 ; Summary in English and Russian. ; Continues: Studia z Dziejów ZSRR i Europy Środkowej

Type of object:

Journal/Article

Abstract:

The question of domination over the Adriatic Sea was a thorny issue in the interwar relationship between Italy and Yugoslavia. The dispute over the city of Rijeka (Fiume at that time), which after the coup launched by Gabriele D’Annunzio in September 1919 further aggravated the relations of Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, involved in the conflict at the same time the Entente states. Rijeka was the city of non-uniform national structure, and an important economic centre, becoming at the same time a symbol of intersecting Italian and Yugoslavian influences on the Adriatic.The controversy over Rijeka was not a typical one, as it took place in the background of the peace conference in Paris after the end of the Great War. The Entente States, i.e. France, the United States, and Great Britain, had different and conflicting visions of the city’s status. This indecision was used by D’Annunzio, who in 1919–1920 strengthened his rule in Rijeka. Initially, the Italian government was ambiguous on the poet’s coup, while the diplomacy of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes regarded the coup as Italian attack against Rijeka. Thus, the question of normalisation of the city’s status became a complex process, requiring the consideration of many aspects within the framework of Italian-Yugoslavian relations.The present article analyses these aspects of the relationship between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in the context of D’Annunzio coup mounted in September 1919. Another important value of the text resides in the fact that it is based on archival materials, including archival press reports (mainly from the Polish, Serbian, and French press of that time), which made it possible to present the problem against the rich and broad social and political background of the conflict over Rijeka.

References:

Reale G., Un faro luminoso che splende in mezzo ad un mare di abiezione (parte seconda), http://www.ereticamente.net/2014/09/un-faro-luminoso-che-splende-in-mezzo-ad-un- mare-di-abiezione-parte-seconda.html
Gabriele D’Annunzio (1863–1938): Narratore, drammaturgo e poeta, http://www.regione.abruzzo.it
World Legal Information Institute, http://www.worldlii.org
Kratka povijest grada, http://www.rijeka.hr
–1946 Le origini della Repubblica, ed. G. Monina, Soveria Mannelli, 2007.
Batowski H., Między dwiema wojnami 1919–1939. Zarys historii dyplomatycznej, Kraków, 2001.
Burgwyn H.J., Italian Foreign Policy in the Interwar Period 1918–1940, Westport, 1997.
Crude Oil Processing in Rijeka 1882–2004, ed. V. Đekić, Rijeka, 2004.
Cuesta U., Nel Solco del Littorio: corso di cultura fascista, Bologna, 1940.
Hehn P.N., A Low Dishonest Decade. The Great Powers, Eastern Europe and the Economic Origins of World War II, New York–London, 2002.
The History of Macedonia, ed. I. Koliopoulos, Thessaloniki, 2007.
Klajn L., The Past in Present Times: The Yugoslav Saga, Lanham, 2007.
Knox M., To The Threshold of Power, 1922/33. Origins and Dynamics of the Fascist and National Socialist Dictatorships, vol. 1, New York, 2007.
Kuberski H., “Południowosłowiański ‘bękart Wersalu’”, Glaukopis, 2009, no. 13–14.
Luku E., “The Diplomacy of the Great Powers Towards Albania in the Context of the ‘Adriatic Question’”, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (2012).
Marsella M., “Enrico Corradini’s Italian nationalism. The ‘right wing’ of the fascist synthesis”, Journal of Political Ideologies, 9 (2004).
Morawski K.S., “Proces tworzenia Królestwa SHS wobec przeobrażeń Wielkiej Wojny (1914– 1918)”, Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska: Sectio M: Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis, 2016, no. 1–2.
Narodna Enciklopedija Srpsko-Hrvatsko-Slovenacka, ed. S. Stanojević, vol. 3, Zagreb, 1928.
Novak B., The Austro-Slovenian Frontier Question at the Paris Peace Conference 1919, Chicago, 1954.
O’Brien P., Mussolini in the First World War. The Journalist, the Soldier, the Fascist, New York, 2005.
Patafta D., “Promjene u nacionalnoj strukturi stanovništva grada Rijeke od 1918. do 1924. godine”, Časopis za suvremenu povijest, 36 (2004), no. 2.
Petacco A., A Tragedy Revealed: The Story of Italians from Istria, Dalmatia, Venezia Giulia (1943–1953), Toronto, 1998.
Romano S., Le altre facce della storia, Milano, 2010.
Skirmunt K., Moje wspomnienia 1866–1945, introduction and editing by E. Orlof, A. Pasternak, Rzeszów, 1997.
Večerina D., Talijanski Iredentizam, Zagreb, 2001.
Zawistowska R., “Ustalenie granicy Węgier z Chorwacją i Serbią po I wojnie światowej”, Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, 48 (2013).

Relation:

Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej

Volume:

52

Issue:

2, Special Issue

Start page:

25

End page:

54

Detailed Resource Type:

Article : original article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:64778 ; 2353-6403 ; 10.12775/SDR.2017.EN2.02

Source:

click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Language of abstract:

eng ; rus

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Projects co-financed by:

Ministry of Science and Higher Education ; Activities popularizing science (DUN)

Access:

Open

×

Citation

Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information