Object

Title: Prawno-społeczna pozycja felczera w Polsce w latach 1945–1989

Creator:

Fiktus, Paweł

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały 15 (2017)

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 127-148 : ill ; Summary in English. ; Projects co-financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education

Type of object:

Journal/Article

Abstract:

With the end of the Second World War, the feldsher’s profession was regulated by legal acts dating back to the interwar period. The leading act was the Act of 1 July 1921, on the feldsher’s profession, which briefly defined the feldsher’s qualifications. The key legal act regulating the legal position of feldsher was a law passed by the Legislative Sejm on 20 July 1950, on the feldsher’s profession. The feldsher’s powers were divided into two groups: activities performed independently (that is, in feldsher’s points and non-public health care institutions) as well as activities carried out non-independently – that is, under the guidance of a physician. The issues related to professional secrecy and disciplinary liability were regulated separately. Trying to determine the feldsher’s position in the system at that time, during the legislative work, it was recognized that it would be a profession between a doctor and a nurse. The reason for the adoption of such a solution was the possibility of performing small independent treatments, to whose performance a nurse was not authorized. Initially, the feldsher’s profession enjoyed the great interest of those willing to practice the profession. At this time, medical publications often presented the social advancement of feldsher school students, who continued their medical education after graduation. However, the interest in the feldsher’s profession gradually began to decline and the school year 1962/1963 was the last period of the feldsher’s education in Poland. The last feldsher school functioned then in Warsaw. From this moment on, the feldsher’s profession was left to its own devices. Since 1956, the feldsher’s qualifications have been extended to the possibility of working in sobering stations. Further powers were awarded to the feldsher in the 1960s, including issuing death certificates, diagnosing venereal diseases during medical examinations in sobering stations, and the inclusion of this profession in the fight against infectious diseases. In the case of the feldsher’s profession, the issues of a prestigious nature, such as the introduction of appropriate decorations similar to those of the physician or nurse, for instance long-term seniority, were also omitted. The feldsher’s profession was recalled when Poland entered the European Union structures, which led to the introduction of a new regulation in 2005 regulating the scope of activities to which the feldsher was qualified.

References:

Bukowska A., Organizacje felczerów w Polsce w pierwszej połowie XX wieku, w: Zawody diagnosty laboratoryjnego i felczera na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku, red. B. Urbanek, Warszawa 2011
Karkowska D., Włodarczyk W., Prawo medyczne dla pielęgniarek, Warszawa 2013
Lipińska M., Średnie szkolnictwo felczerskie w opinii tygodnika „Służba Zdrowia”, w: Zawody diagnosty laboratoryjnego i felczera na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku, red. B. Urbanek, Warszawa 2011
Lipińska M., Niespełnione obietnice, czyli walka felczerów o przetrwanie w opinii prasy zawodowej w latach 1949 – 1961, w: Zawody diagnosty laboratoryjnego i felczera na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku, red. B. Urbanek, Warszawa 2011
Marcysiak M., Uprawienia felczerów w Polsce okresu międzywojennego w świetle „Przeglądu Felczerskiego”, w: Zawody diagnosty laboratoryjnego i felczera na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku, red. B. Urbanek, Warszawa 2011
Marek A., XIXi XX-wieczne podręczniki dla felczerów, w: Zawody diagnosty laboratoryjnego i felczera na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku, red. B. Urbanek, Warszawa 2011
Królikowski J., Generałowie i admirałowie Wojska Polskiego 1943–1990, Toruń 2010
Popielski B., Medycyna i prawo, Warszawa 1963 http://www.nil.org.pl/rejestry/centralny-rejestr-felczerow
anachroniczna-a-nie-ja.html

Relation:

Polska 1944/45-1989 : studia i materiały

Volume:

15

Start page:

127

End page:

148

Detailed Resource Type:

Article : original article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:64920 ; 2450-8357 ; 10.12775/Polska.2017.07

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. B.155/15 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. B.156/15 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Access:

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