Object

Title: Auto-da-fe in Lwów in 1728: The Jan Filipowicz Trial and Jewish Re-Conversion to Judaism in the Early Modern Poland

Creator:

Kaźmierczyk, Adam (1962- )

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource Type:

Article : original article

Subtitle:

Acta Poloniae Historica T. 116 (2017) ; The Wealth of Diversity Inter-religious and Inter-confessional Contacts in Central and East-Central Europe in the Early Modern Era

Contributor:

Orla-Bukowska, Annamaria. Trans. ; Martin, Sean. Ed. ; Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences ; Polish National Historical Committee

Publisher:

Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 121-148 ; 23 cm

Abstract:

This article discusses the question of neophytes’ return to Judaism, especially the case of Jan Filipowicz, who was condemned to death for this crime in 1728 in Lwów. The return of Jewish converts to their religion of origin was a relatively frequent occurrence in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, but those charged with this crime, especially Jews from Lwów accused of persuading the neophytes to return, were not usually treated as harshly as Filipowicz. The exceptionally harsh sentence given to the rabbis responsible for the return of Filipowicz to Judaism resulted from the judges’ belief in the existence of a ritual of dechristianization, a special blasphemy against Christianity. The relationship of the courts and the Church in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to the problem of apostasy among converts from Judaism is addressed. The penitential practices described in the court documents are similar to those described by the inquisitor Bernard Gui in the fourteenth century and to the ritual of dechristianization described by Jan Serafinowicz, the most famous eighteenth century convert.

References:

Fram Edward, ‘Perception and Reception of Repentant Apostates in Medieval Ashkenaz and Pre-modern Poland’, Association for Jewish Studies Review, xxi, 2 (1996), 299–339.
Goldberg Jakub, ‘Żydowscy konwertyci w społeczeństwie staropolskim’, in Anna Izydorczyk and Andrzej Wyczański (eds.), Społeczeństwo staropolskie, iv (Warszawa, 1986), 195–248.
Gui Bernard, Practica inquisitionis heretice pravitatis, ed. by Célestin Douais (Paris, 1886).
Hundert Gershon D., Jews in Poland-Lithuania in the Eighteenth Century: A Genealogy of Modernity (Berkeley, 2004).
Kanarfogel Ephraim, ‘Changing attitudes towards apostates in tosafist literature, late twelfth-early thirteenth-centuries’, in Elisheva Carlebach and Jacob J. Schacter (eds.), New Perspectives on Jewish-Christian Relations (Leiden, 2011), 297–327.
Katz Jacob, Exclusiveness and Tolerance (Oxford, 1961).
Kaźmierczyk Adam, Rodziłem się Żydem … Konwersje Żydów Rzeczypospolitej XVII–XVIII w. (Kraków, 2015).
Maciejko Paweł, Mixed Multitude: Jacob Frank and the Frankist Movement, 1755–1816 (Philadelphia, 2011).
Bernard, ‘Apostasy in the Late Middle Ages in Ashkenazic Jewry’, Dine Israel, x–xi (1984), 43–79.
Shatzmiller Joseph, ‘Converts and Judaizers in the Early Fourteenth Century’, The Harvard Theological Review, lxxiv (1981), 63–77.
Utterback Kristine T., ‘“Conversi” Revert: Voluntary and Forced Return to Judaism in the Early Fourteenth Century’, Church History, lxiv, 1 (1995), 16–28.
Yerushalmi Yosef Hayim, ‘The Inquisition and the Jews of France in the Time of Bernard Gui’, The Harvard Theological Review, lxiii, 3 (1970), 317–76.

Relation:

Acta Poloniae Historica

Volume:

116

Start page:

121

End page:

148

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:68567 ; 0001-6829 ; 10.12775/APH.2017.116.05

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. A.295/116 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. A.296/116 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

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