Object

Title: The question of ash glasses in the Roman period focusing on finds from Poland

Creator:

Stawiarska, Teresa

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 55 (2017)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Type of object:

Journal/Article

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of physico-chemical analyses of approximately 170 products, beads and vessels from the Roman period coming from the territory of Poland. These are the soda high potassium artifacts, which may be considered as ash glasses. Glasses with higher potassium content (HKG) were melted using the ash from halophyte plants in the workshops of the Roman East and probably other places in the Mediterranean. These were mainly coloured glasses used to produce ornaments, mosaic vessels, decorative plaques and tesserae. In the Roman period, especially in its later stages, and in the Franconian period, ash glasses began to be produced also in the western provinces of the Empire, and these were mainly the low magnesium specimens (LMG). However, questions about the frequency of ash glasses in the Roman period and the location of production centres as well as the kinds of alkaline raw materials require further research

References:

Barkoudah, Y. and Henderson, J. 2006. Plant ashes from Syria and the manufacture of ancient glass: ethnographic and scientific aspects, Journal of Glass Studies 48: 297–321
Bezborodov, M.A. 1969. Chimija i technologija drevnich i srednevekovych stekol, Minsk
Brill, R.H. 1970. The Chemical Interpretation of the Texts. In A.L. Oppenheim et al. (ed.), Glass and Glassmaking in ancient Mesopotamia, Corning-New York, 105–128
Brill, R.H. 1992. Chemical analyses of some glasses from Frattesina, Journal of Glass Studies 34: 11–22
Brill, R.H. 1999. Chemical analyses of early glasses, I–II, Corning-New York
Brill, R.H. and Cahill, N.D. 1988. A red opaque glass from Sardis and some thoughts on red opaques in general, Journal of Glass Studies 30: 16–27
Caley, E.R. 1962. Analyses of ancient glasses, Corning, 1790–1957
Czygan, W. 1987. Chemische Zusammensetzung der Gläser. In U. Koch (ed.), Der Runde Berg bei Urach VI: die Glass- und Edelsteinfunde aus den Plangabungen 1967–1983, I–II, Heidelberg, 278–295
Dayton, J.E. 1993. The discovery of glass. Experiments in the smelting of rich, dry silver ores, and the reproduction of Bronze Age-type cobalt blue glass as a slag, Harvard
Dekówna, M. 1980. Szkło w Europie wczesnośredniowiecznej, Wrocław
Dekówna, M. 1981. Remarques sur la chronologie de l’introduction dans la verrerie europpéenne médiéval de la technologie potassique et de celle au plomb non-alcaline, Annales du Congrés de l,Association Internationale pour l,Histoire du Verre 8 (1979): 145–160
Eggers, H.J. 1955. Zur absoluten Chronologie der Römischen Kaiserzeit im freien Germanien, Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 2: 196–244
Filarska, B. 1952. Szkła starożytne. Katalog naczyń, Warszawa
Forbes, R.J. 1957. Glass. In Studies in Ancient Technology V, Leiden
Freestone, I.C. 2002. Composition and affinities of glass from the furnaces on the Island site,Tyre, Journal of Glass Studies 44: 67–77
Freestone, I.C., Bimson, M. and Buckton, D. 1990. Compositional categories of Byzantine glass tesserae, Annales du Congrés de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre 11 (1988): 271–281
Freestone, I.C. and Gorin-Rosen, Y. 1999. The great glass slab at Bet Shearim: an early Islamic glass-making experiment?, Journal of Glass Studies 41: 105–116
Galibin, V.A. 2001. Sostav stekla kak archeologiceskij istocnik. Ars vitraria experimentalis, Sankt-Peterburg
Grempler, W. 1887. Der Fund von Sackrau, Brandenburg–Berlin
Hunter, J. and Sanderson, D. 1982. The Snartemo/Kempston problem, Fornvännen 77 (1): 22–29
Jackson, C.M., Cool, H.E.M. and Wager, E.C.W. 1998. The manufacture of glass in Roman York, Journal of Glass Studies 40: 55–61
Maas, J.L., Wypyski, M.T. and Stone, R.E. 2002. Malkata and Lisht glassmaking technologies: towards a specific link between second millennium BC metallurgists and glassmakers, Archaeometry 44 (1): 67–82
Mirti, P., Pace, M, Negro Ponzi, M.M. and Aceto, M. 2008. ICP-MS analysis of glass fragments of Parthian and Sasanian epoch from Seleucia and Veh Ardašīr (Central Iraq), Archaeometry 50 (3): 429–450
Olczak, J. 1998. Produkcja szkła w rzymskim i wczesnobizantyjskim Novae w świetle źródeł archeologicznych (Mezja Dolna). Glass production in Roman and Early Byzantin Novae in the light of archaeological sources (Moesia Inferior), Toruń
Purowski, T. 2012. Wyroby szklane w kulturze łużyckiej w międzyrzeczu Noteci i środkowej Odry. Studium archeologiczno-technologiczne, Warszawa
Rehren, Th. 2000. Rationales in Old World Base Glass Compositions, Journal of Archaeological Science 27 (12): 1225–1234
Santagostino Barbone, A., Gliozzo, E., D’Acapito, F., Memmi Turbanti, I., Turchiano, M. and Volpe G. 2008. The sectilia panels of Faragola (Ascoli Satriano, Southern Italy): a multi-analytical study of the red, orange and yellow glass slabs, Archaeometry 50 (3): 451–473
Sayre, E.V., Smith, R.W. 1961. Compositional categories of ancient glass, Science 133: 1824–1826
Ščapova, J. (Shchapova, J.). 1975. Le verre byzantin du Ve – XVe siecles. In Srednjovekovno staklo na Balkanu (V–XV vek), Beograd, 33–48
Smith, R.W. 1963a. Archaeological evaluation of ancient glass. In Advances in Glass technology, II: Sixth International Congress on Glass 1962, Washington, 283–290
Smith, R.W. 1963b. The analytical study of glass in archaeology. In Science in Archaeology, Bristol, 519–528
Stawicki, S. 1987. Papirusy Tebańskie. Antyczne źródło wiedzy o technikach artystycznych, Wrocław
Stawiarska, T. 1984. Szkła z okresu rzymskiego z północnej Polski. Studium technologiczne, Wrocław
Stawiarska, T. 1985. Paciorki szklane z obszaru Polski północnej w okresie wpływów rzymskich, Wrocław
Stawiarska, T. 1987. Katalog paciorków szklanych z obszaru Polski północnej w okresie wpływów rzymskich, Wrocław
Stawiarska, T. 1993a. Technological analyses of cut glasses from Central and East Europe from the Roman Period, Annales du Congrés de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre 12 (1991): 141–151
Stawiarska, T. 1993b. Chemical studies of ancient glasses in Poland (with particular reference to the Roman Period), Archaeologia Polona 31: 219–228
Stawiarska, T. 1999. Naczynia szklane okresu rzymskiego z terenu Polski. Studium archeologiczno-technologiczne, Warszawa.
Stawiarska, T. 2000. Naczynia szklane z ornamentem „pętelkowym” z okresu wędrówek ludów znalezione w Polsce, Archaeologia Historica Polona 8: 153–182
Stawiarska, T. 2009. Raw glass and its role in ancient glass industry. Problems of organization of production. A critical assessment, Archeologia 58 (2007): 185–196
Stawiarska, T. 2014. Roman and Early Byzantine glass from Romania and northern Bulgaria. Archaeological and technological study, Warsaw
Stern, E.M. 1977. Ancient glass at the Fundation Custodia (Collection Frits Lugt), Paris–Groningen
Tal, O., Jackson-Tal, R.E. and Freestone, I.C. 2008. Glass from a Late Byzantine secondary workshop at Ramla (South) Israel, Journal of Glass Studies 50: 81–95
Velde, B. 1990. Alumina and calcium oxide content of glass found in Western and Northern Europe, first to ninth centuries, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 9 (1): 105–117

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

55

Start page:

225

End page:

241

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:66299 ; 0066-5924

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Access:

Open

×

Citation

Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information