Object structure

A classification of objects made of bone, antler, tooth and horn from the Early Bronze Age fortified settlement in Maszkowice


Sprawozdania Archeologiczne 70 (2018)


Przybyła, Marcin S. ; Jędrysik, Joanna


Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:


Date issued/created:



ill. ; 25 cm

Type of object:


Subject and Keywords:

Early Bronze Age ; Maszkowice ; bone and antler industry ; traseology ; functional analysis


Excavations at the Early Bronze Age fortified settlement in Maszkowice (Western Carpathians) carried out in 1959-1975 and 2010-2017 produced, among other finds, a collection of 56 artifacts made of bone, antler, teeth and horn. They were classified using formal criteria (size, shape, decoration), as well as character of use-wear traces into four types of ornaments (plaque, pendants, pins, dress items made of long bones) and seven types of tools (awls, perforators, spatulas, tanning tool, polishers, antler picks and hafted chopping tools). In the description of each type, we focus on its functional interpretation, discussing some opinions already existing in the literature. In the final section of the paper, we also analyze the frequency of each type in different contexts, as well as on the site in general


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0081-3834 ; doi:10.23858/SA70.2018.013


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Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

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Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget. ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund





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