Obiekt

Tytuł: Seeking the causes of urban ruination: An empirical research in four Portuguese cities

Inny tytuł:

Geographia Polonica Vol. 92 No. 1 (2019)

Wydawca:

IGiPZ PAN

Miejsce wydania:

Warszawa

Opis:

24 cm

Abstrakt:

Urban ruination is an understudied feature in the life of cities. This article discusses its causes. Based on the study of four shrinking Portuguese cities (Lisbon, Barreiro, Guimarães and Vizela), and using Multiple Linear Regression Analysis as the statistical method, the structure of relationships among ruins, economic change, demographic change, social geography and the characteristics of buildings are discussed. Although the study concludes that ruination is a highly contingent phenomenon, the results show that of all the structural factors, demographic ageing and the obsolescence of buildings (poor housing conditions) are the key causes of ruination in the four cities under study. Links between ruination and socio-spatial processes have also been identified.

Bibliografia:

1. Accordino J., Johnson G.T., 2000. Addressing the vacant and abandoned property problem. Journal of Urban Affairs, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 301-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/0735-2166.00058 ; 2. Apel D., 2015. Beautiful terrible ruins: Detroit and the anxiety of decline. New Brunswick, NJ and London: Rutgers University Press. ; 3. AUDIRAC I., 2009. Urban shrinkage amid fast metropolitan growth (two faces of contemporary urbanism) [in:] K. Pallagst et al. (eds.), The future of shrinking cities: Problems, patterns and strategies of urban transformation in a global context, Berkeley, CA: Center for Global Metropolitan Studies, pp. 69-90. ; 4. Beauregard R., 2012. Voices of decline: The postwar fate of U.S. cities. New York: Routledge. ; 5. Bluestone B., Harrisson B., 1982. The deindustrialization of America: Plant closures, community abandonment, and the dismantling of basic industry. New York: Basic Books. ; 6. Bontje M., Musterd S., 2012. Understanding shrinkage in European regions. Built Environment, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 153-161. https://doi.org/10.2148/benv.38.2.153 ; 7. Brito-Henriques E., 2017. Arruinamento e regeneração do espaço edificado na metrópole do século XXI: o caso de Lisboa. EURE - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales, vol. 43, no. 128, pp. 251-272. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0250-71612017000100011 ; 8. BRITO-HENRIQUES E., MORGADO P., CRUZ D., 2018. Morfologia da cidade perfurada: padrões espaciais de ruínas e terrenos vacantes em cidades portuguesas. Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia, vol. 53, no. 108, pp. 111-133. ; 9. Burguess E.W., 1929. The growth of the city. An introduction to a research project [in:] R.E. Park, E.W. Burguess, R.D. McKenzie (eds.), The city, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 47-62. ; 10. COOLE D., FROST S., 2010. Introducing the New Materialisms [in:] D. Coole, S. Frost (eds.), New Materialisms. Ontology, agency, and politics, Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822392996-001 ; 11. Couch C., Cocks M., 2013. Housing vacancy and the shrinking city: Trends and policies in the UK and the city of Liverpool. Housing Studies, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 499-519. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2013.760029 ; 12. COUCH C., LEONTIDOU L., ARNSTBERG K.-O., 2007. Introduction: definitions, theories and methods of comparative analysis [in:] C. Couch, L. Leontidou, G. Petschel-Held (eds.), Urban sprawl in Europe: Landscapes, land-use change and policy, Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 3-38. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470692066.ch1 ; 13. Deng C., Ma J., 2015. Viewing urban decay from the sky: A multi-scale analysis of residential vacancy in a shrinking U.S. city. Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 141 (September), pp. 88-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.05.002 ; 14. Desilvey C., Edensor T., 2013. Reckoning with ruins. Progress in Human Geography, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 465-485. https://doi.org/10.1177/030913251246227 ; 15.. Edensor T., 2005. Industrial ruins: Spaces, aesthetics and materiality. New York: Berg. ; 16. FLORENTIN D., FOL S., ROTH H., 2009. La "Stadtschrumpfung" ou "rétrécissement urbain" en Allemagne: un champ de recherche émergent. Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography. ; 17. Frey W.H., 2005. Metro America in the new century: Metropolitan and central city demographic shift since 2000. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. ; 18. González-Ruibal A., 2008. Time to destroy: An archaeology of supermodernity. Current Anthropology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 247-279. https://doi.org/10.1086/526099 ; 19. Haase A., Rink D., Grossmann K., Bernt M., Mykhnenko V., 2014. Conceptualizing urban shrinkage. Environment and Planning A, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 1519-1534. https://doi.org/10.1068/a46269 ; 20. Hackworth J., 2016. Why there is no Detroit in Canada. Urban Geography, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 272-295. https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2015.1101249 ; 21. Hollander J., 2010. Can a city successfully shrink? Evidence from survey data on neighborhood quality. Urban Affairs Review, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 129-141. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078087410379099 ; 22. Hollander J., 2011. Sunburnt cities: The Great Recession, depopulation, and urban planning in the American Sunbelt. London and New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203834381 ; 23. Hoyt H., 1939. The structure and growth of residential neighborhoods in American cities. Washington, DC: Federal Housing Administration. ; 24. Hospers G.-J., 2014. Policy responses to urban shrinkage: From growth thinking to civic engagement. European Planning Studies, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1507-1523. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2013.793655 ; 25. Kelling G.L., Wilson J.Q., 1982. Broken windows: The police and neighborhood safety. Atlantic Monthly, vol. 249, no. 3, pp. 29-38. ; 26. Kitchin R., O'Callaghan C., Gleeson J., 2014. The new ruins of Ireland? Unfinished estates in the post-Celtic Tiger era. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1069-1080. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12118 ; 27. MAH A., 2012. Industrial ruination, community, and place: Landscapes and legacies of urban decline. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press. ; 28. Martin D., 2014. Introduction: Towards a political understanding of new ruins. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1037-1046. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12116 ; 29. Martinez-Fernandez C., Audirac I., Fol S., Cunningham-Sabot E., 2012. Shrinking cities: Urban challenges of globalization. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 213-225. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01092.x ; 30. Newman G.D., Bowman A.O'M., LEE R.J., KIM B., 2016. A current inventory of vacant urban land in America. Journal of Urban Design, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 302-319. https://doi.org/10.1080/13574809.2016.1167589 ; 31. Newman G., Kim B., 2017. Urban shrapnel: Spatial distribution of non-productive space. Landscape Research, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 699-715. https://doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2017.1363877 ; 32. Newman G., Park Y., Bowman A.O'M., LEE R.J., 2018. Vacant urban areas: Causes and interconnected factors. Cities, vol. 72, pp. 421-429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.10.005 ; 33. Oswalt P., Rieniets T. (eds.), 2006. Atlas of shrinking cities. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag. ; 34. Pagano M.A., Bowman A.O.M., 2000. Vacant land in cities: An urban resource. Brookings Center on Urban & Metropolitan Policy Survey Series, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, https://www.brookings.edu/research/vacant-land-in-cities-an-urban-resource/ [20 March 2017]. ; 35. Pálsson G., 2012. These are not old ruins: A heritage of the Hrun. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 559-576. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-012-0189-7 ; 36. Pétursdóttir Þ., 2013. Concrete matters: Ruins of modernity and the things called heritage. Journal of Social Archaeology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 31-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469605312456342 ; 37. Rieniets T., 2009. Shrinking cities: Causes and effects of urban population losses in the twentieth century. Nature and Culture, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 231-254. https://doi.org/10.3167/nc.2009.040302 ; 38. Schlappa H., 2016. If not growth what then? Rethinking the strategy process for shrinking cities [in:] W.J.V. Neill, H. Schlappa (eds.), Future directions for the European shrinking city, New York and London: Routledge, pp. 180-191. ; 39. Silverman R.M., Yin L., Patterson K.L., 2012. Dawn of the dead city: An exploratory analysis of vacant addresses in Buffalo, NY 2008- 2010. Journal of Urban Affairs, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 131-152. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.2012.00627.x ; 40. Wiechmann T., 2008. Errors expected – Aligning urban strategy with demographic uncertainty in shrinking cities. International Planning Studies, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 431-446. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563470802519097 ; 41. Wiechmann T., Pallagst K., 2012. Urban shrinkage in Germany and the USA: A comparision of transformation patterns and local strategies. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 261-280. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01095.x ; 42. WOODWARD C., 2012. Learning from Detroit or 'the wrong kind of ruins' [in:] A. Jorgensen, R. Keenan (eds.), Urban wildscapes, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 17-32.

Czasopismo/Seria/cykl:

Geographia Polonica

Tom:

92

Zeszyt:

1

Strona pocz.:

17

Strona końc.:

35

Format:

Rozmiar pliku 2,7 MB

Identyfikator zasobu:

oai:rcin.org.pl:69804 ; 0016-7282 (print) ; 2300-7362 (online) ; 10.7163/GPol.0134

Źródło:

CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, sygn.: Cz.2085, Cz.2173, Cz.2406 ; kliknij tutaj, żeby przejść

Język:

eng

Język streszczenia:

eng

Prawa:

Licencja Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0

Zasady wykorzystania:

Zasób chroniony prawem autorskim. [CC BY 4.0 Międzynarodowe] Korzystanie dozwolone zgodnie z licencją Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0, której pełne postanowienia dostępne są pod adresem: ; -

Digitalizacja:

Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Lokalizacja oryginału:

Centralna Biblioteka Geografii i Ochrony Środowiska Instytutu Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN

Dofinansowane ze środków:

Program Operacyjny Polska Cyfrowa, lata 2014-2020, Działanie 2.3 : Cyfrowa dostępność i użyteczność sektora publicznego; środki z Europejskiego Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego oraz współfinansowania krajowego z budżetu państwa ;

×

Cytowanie

Styl cytowania:

Ta strona wykorzystuje pliki 'cookies'. Więcej informacji