RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: Seeking the causes of urban ruination: An empirical research in four Portuguese cities


Brito-Henriques, Eduardo : Autor ORCID ; Cruz, Davis : Autor ORCID

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Geographia Polonica Vol. 92 No. 1 (2019)



Place of publishing:



24 cm

Type of object:



Urban ruination is an understudied feature in the life of cities. This article discusses its causes. Based on the study of four shrinking Portuguese cities (Lisbon, Barreiro, Guimarães and Vizela), and using Multiple Linear Regression Analysis as the statistical method, the structure of relationships among ruins, economic change, demographic change, social geography and the characteristics of buildings are discussed. Although the study concludes that ruination is a highly contingent phenomenon, the results show that of all the structural factors, demographic ageing and the obsolescence of buildings (poor housing conditions) are the key causes of ruination in the four cities under study. Links between ruination and socio-spatial processes have also been identified.


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Geographia Polonica





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oai:rcin.org.pl:69804 ; 0016-7282 (print) ; 2300-7362 (online) ; 10.7163/GPol.0134


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Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

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Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

; Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.





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