Title: Ecological characteristics of rare species: the case of parasitic Hymenoptera


Ulrich, Werner

Date issued/created:


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Characteristics of rare species


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology. Publishing Office

Place of publishing:

Dziekanów Leśny


Pages 379-389 : illustrations ; 27 cm ; Bibliographical references (pages 387-389)

Type of object:



Ecological characteristics of relatively rare (singleton) hymenopteran species sampled in a beech forest on limestone are studied. No marked differences between singleton and non-singleton species occurred in regard to guild membership, stratum of host attack and phenology. There was however a strong effect of sample size on the fraction of singletons. Body size and phylogenetic position also appeared to influence rarity, but it proofed to be difficult to separate the effects of both variables. Rare species appeared to have larger density fluctuations but - in line with the theory of local mate competition - lower sex ratios than more common species. Brachypterous and apterous species had lower fractions of singletons. This result contradicts theoretical expectations of metapopulation models.


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Polish Journal of Ecology





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oai:rcin.org.pl:115851 ; ISSN 1505-2249


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