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This publication is protected and can be accessed only from certain IPs.
This publication is protected and can be accessed only from certain IPs.

Title: Paleoecological Characteristics of the Settlement Periods of the Linear Pottery and Lengyel Cultures at Cracow-Nowa Huta (on the Basis of Plant Material)

Creator:

Wasylikowa, Krystyna

Date issued/created:

1989

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Przegląd Archeologiczny T. 36 (1989)

Contributor:

Pawłowski, Jerzy ; Kuska, Antoni ; Stebnicka, Zdzisława

Publisher:

Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Historii Kultury Materialnej

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm ; Annex: Jerzy Pawłowski, Antoni Kuska, Zdzisława Stebnicka: The occurence of pasture species in the necrocenoses of beetles in the Neolithic profiles at Pleszów

Abstract:

Changes in the local vegetation at Pleszów in the settlement period of the Linear Pottery and Lengyel cultures are described on the basis of fluctuations in the number of species representing various communities in successive settlement phases and breaks between them. Ecological index numbers are applied for the reconstruction of the environmental conditions prevailing in the areas which at that time could be used to grow cereals and graze the livestock. The results of these analyses permitted a more detailed interpretation of the pollen diagram described in previous papers, thus providing more information about the changes in the environment, significant from the viewpoint of agriculture, in the Neolithic. Special attention was given to the agriculture of the Lengyel population on the basis of materials from the sites at Pleszów and Mogiła. The possibility to grow spring wheat in higher situations on the valley floor and on the slopes and to graze domestic animals in meadows and fallows in the valley has been pointed out. The finding of beetles associated with pastures by Pawłowski is a direct evidence of the utilization of the valley floor for grazing. The burning of stubble fields is considered to have been very probable. Between 4500 and 2800 B.C. there were four periods of increased moisture of the valley floor, coinciding with falls in human indicator plants in the pollen diagram and correlated, on the basis of 14C dates, with the abandonment of the settlements situated on the loess terrace

Relation:

Przegląd Archeologiczny

Volume:

36

Start page:

57

End page:

87

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:60273 ; 0079-7138

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P III 149 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 272 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 353 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Restricted Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. Access only on terminals at the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, may be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms.

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Activities popularizing science (DUN) ; Ministry of Science and Higher Education

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