Object

Title: Antropologia krajobrazu – na pograniczu dyscyplin

Creator:

Smyrski, Łukasz

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Etnografia Polska 61 z. 1-2 (2017)

Publisher:

Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

24 cm

Abstract:

The aim of my paper is to describe reciprocal influences in theoretical reflections on landscape within geography, archeology and anthropology. I draw attention to the correlation of particular approaches and to the existence of common research problems within those disciplines. Studying the phenomena on the surface of the earth using scientific methods of natural sciences, the traditional geography treated the landscape as a formalizing way of looking at the world. This approach was weakened on the one hand by the development of human geography in the 1970s, and on the other hand by new research on place and space, which integrated cultural aspects into the study of landscape. Eventually a crucial term ‘cultural landscape’ was developed. New archeologists claimed that it is impossible to maintain a universal concept of space separated from the human activity. Post-processual archeologists started to include theories and methodologies of social sciences in their research. As a result questions connected to theories of criticism, power relations, gender issues, postcolonialism were incorporated to the archeological research. It resulted in weakening of materialistic nature of the discipline and finally it allowed a systematic process oriented approach. Influenced by phenomenology and poststructuralism, archaeologists changed the research perspective. This means they abandoned the ‘external observer’ and focused on the social aspects of human relations with the earth, appreciating the importance of the subject. The landscape in anthropology was mainly used as a tool for constructing field monographs and was understood as a broad background or scene in which the life of the community took place. However the methodological changes in geography and archeology described above caused a shift in the anthropological research on landscape as well. The functionalistic and structural approach with an external and objective view of the landscape gave ground to an emic perspective. Anthropologists devoted more and more attention to the meanings that individuals attribute to the natural environment, and the landscape became a social category created by memory and dwelling, referring to the life of the insiders.

References:

Austin Diane 1998, Cultural knowledge and the cognitive map, Practicing Anthropology, vol. 20, nr 3, s. 21–24. ; Barnard Alan, Spencer Jonathan (red.) 2008, Encyklopedia antropologii społeczno-kulturowej, tłum. M. Barbaruk-Fereńska i in., Oficyna Wydawnicza Volumen, Warszawa. ; Bender Barbara 1998, Stonehenge: Making space, Berg, London. ; Bender Barbara (red.) 1993, Landscape: politics and perspectives, Berg, Oxford. ; Bloch Maurice 2005, Anthropology as a moral science of possibilities, Current Anthropology, vol. 46, nr 3, s. 433–456. ; Bourdieu Pierre 2007, Szkic teorii praktyki, poprzedzony trzema studiami na temat etnologii Kabylów, tłum. W. Krokier, Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki, Kęty. ; Chatwin Bruce 2008, Pieśni stworzenia, tłum. K. Puławski, Świat Książki, Warszawa. ; Clarke David L. 1968, Analytical archaeology, Methuen, London. ; Cosgrove Denis E. 1988, Social formation and symbolic landscape, Wisconsis Press, London. ; Evans James, Jones Phil 2011, The walking interview: Methodology, mobility and place, Applied Geography, vol. 31, s. 849–858. ; Firth Ramyond 1944, The future of social anthropology, Man, vol. 44, s. 19–22. ; Fleming Andrew 2006, Postprocessual landscape archaeology: A critique, Cambridge Archaeological Journal, vol. 16, nr 3, s. 267–280. ; Gell Alfred 1985, How to read a map: Remarks on the practical logic of navigation, Man. New Series, vol. 20, nr 2, s. 271–286. ; Giddens Anthony 2003, Stanowienie społeczeństwa. Zarys teorii strukturacji, tłum. S. Amsterdamski, Zysk i S-ka, Poznań. ; Gombrich Ernst 1966, The Renaissance Theory of Art and the Rise of Landscape, [w:] E. Gombrich (red.), Norm and form: Studies in art of the renaissance, Phaidon, London, s. 107–121. ; Goodall Brian 1987, Dictionary of human geography, Penguin, London. ; Gregory Derek 1994, Geographical imaginations, Blackwell, Cambridge. ; Halemba Agnieszka 2006, The Telengits of Southern Siberia. Landscape, religion and knowledge in motion, Routledge, London. ; Halemba Agnieszka 2011, Polityka, teoria i metoda – czyli co tworzy współczesną antropologię, [w:] T. Buliński, M. Kairski (red.), Teren w antropologii. Praktyka badawcza we współczesnej antropologii kulturowej, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań, s. 111–139. ; Hastrup Kirsten 1998, A place apart. An anthropological study of the Icelandic World, Clarendon Press, Oxford. ; Heidegger Martin 1974, Budować, mieszkać, myśleć, Teksty: Teoria Literatury, Krytyka, Interpretacja, nr 6 (18), s. 137–152. ; Herbert Steve 2000, For ethnography, Progress in Human Geography, vol. 24, s. 550–568. ; Hirsch Eric 1995, Introduction. Landscape: Between place and space, [w:] E. Hirsch, M. O’Hanlon (red.), Anthropology of landscape. Perspectives on place and space, Oxford University Press, Oxford, s. 1–30. ; Hodder Ian 1992, Theory and practice in archaeology, Routledge, London–New York. ; Hodder Ian 1995, Czytanie przeszłości. Współczesne podejścia do interpretacji w archeologii, tłum. E. Wilczyńska, Wydawnictwo Obserwator, Poznań. ; Ingold Tim 1993, The temporality of landscape, World Archeology, vol. 25, nr 2, s. 152–174. ; Ingold Tim 2000, The perception of the environment. Essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill, Routledge,,London–New York. ; Jackson J. B. 1979, The Order of a landscape. Reason and religion in Newtonian America, [w:] D.W. Meining (red.), The interpretation of ordinary landscapes. Geographical essays, Oxford University Press, New York–Oxford, s. 153–163. ; Johnsen Harald, Olsen Bjornar 1992, Hermeneutics and archaeology: On the philosophy of contextual archaeology, American Antiquity, vol. 57, nr 3, s. 419–436. ; Johnson Matthew H. 2012, Phenomenological approaches in landscape archaeology, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 41, s. 269–284. ; Johnson Matthew H. 2013, Teoria archeologii. Wprowadzenie, tłum. A. Tokarczuk-Różańska, D. Błaszczyk, M. Szymkowiak, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków. ; Keesing Roger 1982, Kwaio religion: The living and the dead in a Solomon Island society, Columbia University Press, New York. ; Macnaghten Phil, Urry John 2005, Alternatywne przyrody. Nowe myślenie o przyrodzie i społeczeństwie, tłum. B. Baran, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar, Warszawa. ; Malinowski Bronisław 1987, Argonauci Zachodniego Pacyfiku, t. 3, cz. 1, tłum. B. Olszewska-Dyoniziak, S. Szynkiewicz, PWN, Warszawa. ; Mamzer Henryk 2004, Archeologia i dyskurs. Rozważania metaarcheologiczne, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, Poznań. ; Morphy Howard 1993, Colonialism, history and the construction of place: the politics of landscape in Northern Australia, [w:] B. Bender (red.), Landscape. Politics and perspectives. (Explorations in anthropology), Berg, Providence and Oxford, s. 205–243. ; Morphy Howard 1995, Landscape and the reproduction of the ancestral past, [w:] E. Hirsch, M. O’Hanlon (red.), Anthropology of landscape. Perspectives on place and space, Oxford University Press, Oxford, s. 184–209. ; O’Leary Sam b.d., How can phenomenological methodologies help us understand past landscapes?, The Post Hole, z. 32, http://www.theposthole.org/sites/theposthole.org/files/downloads/posthole_32_230.pdf ; Olwig Kenneth 1996, Recovering the substantive nature of landscape, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 86, nr 4, s. 630–653. ; Olwig Kenneth 2002, Landscape, nature and the body politic. From Britain’s renaissance to America’s new world, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. ; Radcliffe-Brown Alfred R. 2006, Wyspiarze z Andamanów. Studia z antropologii społecznej, tłum. A. Kościańska, M. Petryk, Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki, Kęty. ; Renfrew Colin, Bahn Paul G. 2002, Archeologia. Teorie, metody, praktyka, tłum. M. Kasprzycka i in., Prószyński i S-ka, Warszawa. ; Samuels Marwyn S. 1979, The biography of landscape. Causa and culpability, [w:] D.W. Meining (red.), The Interpretation of ordinary landscapes. Geographical essays, Oxford University Press, New York–Oxford, s. 51–88. ; Sauer Carl O. 1925, Morphology of landscape, University of California Publications in Geography, vol. 2, s. 19–54. ; Shanks Michael, Tilley Christopher 1987, Re-constructing archaeology, Cambridge, University Press, Cambridge. ; Stanner William E. H. 1966, On Aboriginal religion, Oceania Monograph, vol. 11, Sydney. ; Stoddard Simon, Zubow Ezra 1999, Changing places, Antiquity, vol. 73, s. 686–688. ; Strang Veronica 2003, Moon shadow: Aboriginal and European heroes in an Australian landscape, [w:] P. Stewart, A. Strathern (red.), Landscape, memory and history. Anthropological perspectives, Pluto Press, London, s. 108–135. ; Strehlow Theodor G. H. 1970, Geography and the totemic landscape in Central Australia, [w:] R.M. Berndt (red.), Australian Aboriginal Anthropology, University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, s. 92–140. ; Tilley Christopher 1994, Phenomenology of landscape. Places, paths and monuments, Berg, Oxford. ; Tilley Christopher 1996, The power of rocks: Topography and monument construction on Bodmin Moor, World Archaeology, vol. 28, s. 161–176. ; Tilley Christopher, Cameron-Daum Kate 2017, An anthropology of landscape, UCL Press, London. ; Tuan Yi-Fu 1987, Przestrzeń i miejsce, tłum. A. Morawińska, PIW, Warszawa.

Relation:

Etnografia Polska

Volume:

61

Issue:

1-2

Start page:

125

End page:

146

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:65946 ; 0071-1861

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 325 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 326 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 327 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

This page uses 'cookies'. More information