Object

Title: Italians in the City of Cracow’s Authorities in the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries

Creator:

Noga, Zdzisław (1961- )

Date issued/created:

2019

Resource Type:

Article : original article

Subtitle:

Acta Poloniae Historica T. 119 (2019), In Honour of Professor Halina Manikowska

Contributor:

Korecki, Tristan. Trans. ; Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences ; Polish National Historical Committee

Publisher:

Instytut Historii im. Tadeusza Manteuffla Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 191-207 : ill. ; 23 cm

Abstract:

The article discusses the participation of Italians in the town council and the judicial bench being local government authorities of the city of Cracow in the early modern period. As many as seventy-four Italians (this standing for 14 per cent of all the councillors and 8 per cent assessors or lay judges) are identifiable for the period in question; nineteen of them concluded their careers with the office of assessors, never getting ranked to councillor. While most of them were merchants by profession, as many as five councillors held a doctor’s degree. Italians were the most influential ethnic group in the council in the latter half of the seventeenth century and in the former half of the eighteenth, when in certain years the council-in-office, elected annually and consisting of eight members, featured as many as four Italians at the same time. Similarly, a considerable share of Italians in the judicial bench (almost 50 per cent) is observed for the first half of the eighteenth century; the detailed statistics is featured in the tables appended. Over 20 per cent of the families that accepted the municipal law in the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries obtained at least one of these offices. The share of Italians in Cracow’s local-government administration at that time, incommensurate with the actual size of local Italian population, is explainable by their larger interest in pursuing municipal career opportunities. In the medieval period, and even under the reign of Queen Bona Sforza, a number of Italians demonstrated different economic strategies. They satisfied themselves with the royal privilege of servitoriate, counted on fast moneymaking and expected to return home sooner or later. In the later years, most of the Cracow-based Italians were well assimilated and preferred to settle down in the city.

References:

Bieniarzówna Janina, Mieszczaństwo krakowskie XVII w. (Kraków, 1968). ; Bieniarzówna Janina, ‘Rada miejska w czasach saskich’, Rocznik Krakowski, xlvii (1976), 123–35. ; Bieniarzówna Janina and Małecki Jan M., Dzieje Krakowa, ii: Kraków w wiekach XVI-XVIII (Kraków, 1984). ; Follprecht Kamila, ‘Przyczynki do dziejów krakowskiej rodziny Cellarich’, Krakowski Rocznik Archiwalny, v (1999), 69–84. ; Follprecht Kamila, ‘Włosi w elicie politycznej Krakowa do połowy XVII w. Topografia siedzib’, in Zdzisław Noga (ed.), Elita władzy i jej związki z miastami Europy w średniowieczu i epoce nowożytnej. Zbiór studiów (Kraków, 2011), 251–65. ; Łysiak Ludwik, Ius supremum Maydeburgense castri Cracoviensis 1356–1794. Organisation, Tätigkeit und Staellung des Krakauer Oberhofs in der Rechtsprechung Altpolens (Frankfurt am Main, 1990). ; Manikowski Adam, Il commercio italiano di tessuti di seta in Polonia nella seconda metá del XVII secolo (L’azienda di Marco Antonio Federici a Cracovia, 1680–1683) (Warszawa, 1983). ; Noga Zdzisław, Krakowska rada miejska w XVI wieku. Studium o elicie władzy (Kraków, 2003). ; Noga Zdzisław, Urzędnicy miejscy Krakowa, Part 2: 1500–1794 (Kraków, 2008). ; Ptaśnik Jan, ‘Z dziejów kultury włoskiego Krakowa’, Rocznik Krakowski, ix (1907), 1–147. ; Ptaśnik Jan, Gli Italiani a Cracovia dal XVI secolo al XVIII (Romae, 1909). ; Quirini-Popławska Danuta, Działalność Sebastiana Montelupiego w Krakowie w drugiej połowie XVI wieku (Kraków, 1970). ; Quirini-Popławska Danuta, ‘Rola i znaczenie działalności Włochów w Krakowie od średniowiecza do XVIII w.’, in Zdzisław Noga (ed.), Kraków międzynarodowy (Kraków, 2016), 25–60. ; Tygielski Wojciech, Włosi w Polsce XVI–XVII wieku. Utracona szansa na modernizację (Warszawa, 2005). ; Maciej Ziemierski, Skład osobowy sądu wyższego prawa magdeburskiego na zamku krakowskim w XVII–XVIII wieku (Kraków, 2013).

Relation:

Acta Poloniae Historica

Volume:

119

Start page:

191

End page:

207

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:81812 ; 0001-6829 ; 2450-8462 ; 10.12775/APH.2019.119.11

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. A.295/119 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. A.296/119 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

National Programme for the Development of the Humanities ;

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