Place of publishing:
Subject and Keywords:
Czechoslovakia - politics and governments - 1938-1945 ; Masaryk, Jan (1886-1948) ; Sudeten Germans ; Czechoslovakia - foreign relations - Great Britain - 1900-1945 ; Great Britain - foreign relations - Czechoslovakia - 1900-1945 ; partition of Czechoslovakia 1938
The problem of lands inhabited by German populations within the Czechoslovak state, called the Sudeten Germans, caused the fall of Czechoslovakia in 1938. The Germans had the right to demand ‒ under the principle of self-determination‒ the creation of an independent state. In 1921 there was in Czechoslovakia a substantial German minority of 23.4 percent, making it the second largest nationality in the republic. When determining new borderlines, the victorious powers of the Entente were able to prevent an unnecessary conflict which pushed Europe in 1938 on the threshold of a new world war. But they missed the opportunity for the lack of their political imagination. And it was Czechoslovakia who paid dearly for it.