Object structure

Asymmetry of the economic development of cross-border areas in the European Union: assessment and typology


Europa XXI 39 (2020 )


Jakubowski, Andrzej : Autor Affiliation ORCID



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29 cm

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Subject and Keywords:

assymetry ; borderlands ; cohesion ; Cohesion Policy ; cross-border areas ; disparities ; European Union


The article aims to characterise the phenomenon, determine the degree, and analyse the dynamics and directions of change in the level of asymmetry of economic development of cross-border areas in the European Union (EU) based on GDP per capita (PPP). It also aims to propose a typology of cross-border areas in the EU considering the above criteria. The obtained results show that despite a relatively evident reduction of the level of asymmetry of economic development in many cases in the period 1990-2015, and particularly after 2004, many cross-border areas show significant disparities in the economic sphere. Moreover, the dynamics of the observed transformations remain spatially differentiated.


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