Object structure

Title:

Przegląd ekonomiczno-przestrzennych badań rynku samochodów osobowych = A review of economic and spatial research on the market for passenger cars

Subtitle:

Przegląd Geograficzny T. 93 z. 2 (2021)

Creator:

Stryjakiewicz, Tadeusz : Autor ORCID ; Kołsut, Bartłomiej : Autor ORCID ; Doszczeczko, Bartosz : Autor ORCID ; Dyba, Wojciech : Autor ORCID ; Kisiała, Wojciech : Autor ORCID ; Kudłak, Robert : Autor ORCID ; Wojtyra, Bartosz : Autor ORCID

Affiliation:

Stryjakiewicz, Tadeusz : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej ; Kołsut, Bartłomiej : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej ; Doszczeczko, Bartosz : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej ; Dyba, Wojciech : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej ; Kisiała, Wojciech : Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu ; Kudłak, Robert : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej ; Wojtyra, Bartosz : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej

Publisher:

IGiPZ PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Date issued/created:

2021

Description:

24 cm

Subject and Keywords:

motorization ; automobiles ; transport ; car market ; car ownership

Abstract:

The aim of the article is to present selected research directions and results of studies on the market for passenger cars (with an emphasis on its geographical dimension). The focus has been on four main groups of issues: (1) car ownership and car-demand modelling, (2) the relationship between the primary and secondary car market in emergingeconomies, (3) the role of spatial factors and public transport in the functioning of the car market and (4) the environmental impact of automotive expansion and ways of coping with that, such as electromobility and the sharing economy. Studies on car ownership and the demand for cars both confirm that volumes and rates of growth depend primarily on economic factors (GDP, personal incomes, car prices and prices of complementary goods). They also describe spatial and temporal differences in the so-called first automobile revolution (the spread of cars as a mode of transport). The next group of studies on the car market deals with the relationship between the primary and secondary markets in emerging economies (including Poland), in which car ownership has entered on to a path of rapid growth in recent years. The development of the market for passenger cars is also influenced significantly by such spatial factors as urbanisation, population density, the built environment and distance to city centres as well as the accessibility and operation of public transport. These issues, very important from a geographical point of view, are discussed in a subsequent part of the article, prior to current findings on the environmental impact of automobiles being described, in particular as regards the role of various fuels (especially gasoline-petrol and diesel) in generating emissions of harmful substances. The paper then ends with a brief discussion on electric and hybrid cars as well as the sharing economy. In the literature, the above-mentioned topics are found to be related to the so-called second automobile revolution, and are thus of key importance to the debate on the contemporary car market and changes therein. This interdisciplinary debate is seen to be worthy of an involvement on the part of geographers that is broader than hitherto.

References:

Abu-Eisheh, S.A., & Mannering, F.L. (2002). Forecasting automobile demand for economies in transition. A dynamic simultaneous-equation system approach. Transportation Planning and Technology, 25(4), 311‑331. https://doi.org/10.1080/0308106022000019026 DOI
Adamowicz, M. (2009). Kluczowe czynniki rozwoju rynku samochodów osobowych w Polsce w latach 1998‑2007. Studia i Prace Kolegium Zarządzania Szkoły Głównej Handlowej, 96, 149‑176.
Anenberg, S.C., Miller, J., Minjares, R., Du, L., Henze, D.K., Lacey, F., Malley, C.S., Emberson, L., Franco,V., Klimont, Z., & Heyes, C. (2017). Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel-related NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets. Nature, 545(7655), 467‑471. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22086 DOI
Axhausen, K.W., & Brandl, P.G. (1999). Dynamics of LRT growth: Karlsruhe since 1975. Transport Reviews, 19(3), 221‑240. https://doi.org/10.1080/014416499295501 DOI
Bates, J., Gunn, H., & Roberts, M. (1978). A model of household car ownership: Part 2. Traffic Engineering & Control, 19(12), 562‑566.
Ben-Akiva, M., & Atherton, T.J. (1977). Methodology for short-range travel demand predictions: Analysis of carpooling incentives. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 11(3), 224‑261.
Ben-Akiva, M., Manski, C.F., & Sherman, L. (1981). A behavioral approach to modelling household motor vehicle ownership and applications to aggregate policy analysis. Environment and Planning A, 13(4), 399‑411. https://doi.org/10.1068/a130399 DOI
Beuving, J.J. (2006). Nigerien second-hand car traders in Cotonou: A sociocultural analysis of economic decision-making. African Affairs, 105(420), 353‑373. https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adi106 DOI
Bhat, C.R., Sen, S., & Eluru, N. (2009). The impact of demographics, built environment attributes, vehicle characteristics, and gasoline prices on household vehicle holdings and use. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 43(1), 1‑18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2008.06.009 DOI
Boschma, R.A. (1997). New Industries and Windows of Locational Opportunity: A Long-Term Analysis of Belgium. Erdkunde, 51(1), 12‑22. https://doi.org/10.3112/erdkunde.1997.01.02 DOI
Bradley, T.H., & Frank, A.A. (2009). Design, demonstrations and sustainability impact assessments for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(13), 115‑128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2007.05.003 DOI
Bratzel, S. (1999). Conditions of success in sustainable urban transport policy - policy change in 'relatively successful' European cities. Transport Reviews, 19(2), 177‑190. https://doi.org/10.1080/014416499295600 DOI
Burchart-Korol, D., Gazda-Grzywacz, M., & Zarębska, K. (2020). Research and Prospects for the Development of Alternative Fuels in the Transport Sector in Poland: A Review. Energies 2020, 13, 2988. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112988 DOI
Button, K.J., & Ngoe, N. (1991). Vehicle ownership and use forecasting in low income countries. Contractor Report 278, Crowthorne: Transport Research Laboratory-TRL.
Button, K.J., Pearman, A.D., & Fowkes, A.S. (1982). Car ownership modelling and forecasting. Brookfield, VT, USA: Gower Publishing.
Cao, X., & Huang, X. (2013). City-level determinants of private car ownership in China. Asian Geographer, 30(1), 37‑53. https://doi.org/10.1080/10225706.2013.799507 DOI
Carlson, R.L., & Umble, M.M. (1980). Statistical demand functions for a DOI
Carslaw, D.C., & Rhys-Tyler, G. (2013). New insights from comprehensive on-road measurements of NOx, NO2 and NH3 from vehicle emission remote sensing in London, UK. Atmospheric Environment, 81, 339‑347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.09.026 DOI
Chatterton, T., Barnes, J., Wilson, R.E., Anable, J., & Cairns, S. (2015). Use of a novel dataset to explore spatial and social variations in car type, size, usage and emissions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 39, 151‑164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.06.003 DOI
Chen, N., Akar, G., Gordon, S.I., & Chen, S. (2020). Where do you live and what do you drive: Built-environmental and spatial effects on vehicle type choice and vehicle use. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 15(6). https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2020.1762950 DOI
Chow, G.C. (1957). Demand for automobiles in the United States: A study in consumer durables. Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub.
Chow, G.C. (1960). Statistical demand functions for automobiles and their use for forecasting. W: A.C. Harberger (red.), The demand for durable goods (s. 149‑178). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chu, T., & Delgado, A. (2009). Used vehicle imports impact on new vehicle sales: The Mexican case. Análisis Económico, 24(55), 347‑364.
Clark, B., Chatterjee, K., & Melia, S. (2016). Changes in level of household car ownership: the role of life events and spatial context. Transportation, 43(4), 565‑599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11116‑015‑9589-y DOI
Clark, B., Chatterjee, K., Melia, S., Knies, G., & Laurie, H. (2014). Life events and travel behavior: Exploring the interrelationship using UK household longitudinal study data. Transportation Research Record, 2413(1), 54‑64. https://doi.org/10.3141/2413‑06 DOI
Coffin, D., Horowitz, J., Nesmith, D., & Semanik, M. (2016). Examining barriers to trade in used vehicles. Office of Industries, US International Trade Commission. Working Paper ID-044. Pobrane z: https://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/used_vehicle_wp_id-44_final_web_0.pdf (15.12.2020).
Contestabile, M., Tal, G., & Turrentine, T. (red.). (2020). Who's Driving Electric Cars. Understanding Consumer Adoption and Use of Plug-In Electric Cars. Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978‑3-030‑38382‑4 DOI
Coșciug, A., Ciobanu, S., & Benedek, J. (2017). The safety of transnational imported second-hand cars: A case study on vehicle-to-vehicle crashes in Romania. Sustainability, 9(12), 2380. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122380 DOI
Covarrubias, A., & Perez, S.M.R. (2020). Introduction: Changing Geographies and Frontiers of the Automotive Industry. W: A. Covarrubias, & S.M.R. Perez (red.), New Frontiers of the Automobile Industry (s. 1‑38). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978‑3-030‑18881‑8 DOI
Czernicki, Ł, Maj, M., & Miniszewski, M. (2019). Jak wspierać elektromobilność? Warszawa: Polski Instytut Ekonomiczny.
Dargay, J.M., & Vythoulkas, P.C. (1999). Estimation of a dynamic car ownership model: a pseudo-panel approach. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 33(3), 287‑301.
Dargay, J., & Gately, D. (1999). Income's effect on car and vehicle ownership, worldwide: 1960‑2015. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 33(2), 101‑138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965‑8564 (98)00026‑3 DOI
Dargay, J., Gately, D., & Sommer, M. (2007). Vehicle ownership and income growth, worldwide: 1960‑2030. Energy Journal, 28(4). Pobrane z: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41323125 (15.11.2020). DOI
Davis, L.W., & Kahn, M.E. (2010). International trade in used vehicles: The environmental consequences of NAFTA. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2(4), 58‑82. https://doi.org/10.1257/pol.2.4.58 DOI
Davis, S., & Boundy, R.G. (2020). Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 38 (No. ORNL/TM2019/1333). Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Pobrane z: https://tedb.ornl.gov/(15.12.2020).
Davis, S.C., & Williams, S.E. (2017). Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 36, Oak Ridge, Tennessee: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pobrane z: https://info.ornl.gov/sites/publications/Files/Pub104063.pdf (15.12.2020).
Dicken, P. (2015). Wheels of Change: The Automobile Industry. W: P. Dicken (red.), Global shift: mapping the changing contours of the world economy (s. 477‑509). London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi, Singapore: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Ding, C., & Cao, X. (2019). How does the built environment at residential and work locations affect car ownership? An application of cross-classified multilevel model. Journal of Transport Geography, 75, 37‑45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2019.01.012 DOI
Dzikuć, M., Adamczyk, J., & Piwowar, A. (2017). Problems associated with the emissions limitations from road transport in the Lubuskie Province (Poland). Atmospheric Environment, 160, 1‑8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.04.011 DOI
E-mobility, (2020). Statista Mobility Market Outlook. July 2020.
European Environment Agency, (2019). Air quality in Europe - 2019 report. Pobrane z: https://www.eea.europa.eu//publications/air-quality-in-europe-2019 (15.12.2020).
Ewing, R., & Cervero, R. (2010). Travel and the built environment: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3), 265‑294. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944361003766766 DOI
Ewing, R., Greenwald, M., Zhang, M., Walters, J., Feldman, M., Cervero, R., Frank, L., & Thomas, J. (2011). Traffic generated by mixed use developments-six-region study using consistent built environmental measures. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 137(3), 248‑261. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE) UP.1943‑5444.0000068 DOI
Ezeoha, A., Okoyeuzu, C., Onah, E., & Uche, C. (2019). Second-hand vehicle markets in West Africa: A source of regional disintegration, trade informality and welfare losses. Business History, 61(1), 187‑204. https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2018.1459087 DOI
Figenbaum, E., Fearnley, N., Pfaffenbichler, P., Hjorthol, R., Kolbenstvedt, M., Jellinek, R., Emmerling, B., Bonnema, G.M., Ramjerdi, F., Vågane, L., & Møller Iversen, L. (2015). Increasing the competitiveness of e-vehicles in Europe. European Transport Research Review, 7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544‑015‑0177‑1 DOI
Fowkes, A.S., & Button, K.J. (1977). An evaluation of car ownership forecasting techniques. International Journal of Transport Economics/Rivista internazionale di economiadei trasporti, 4(2), 115‑143.
Frey, H.C. (2018). Trends in onroad transportation energy and emissions. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 68(6), 514‑563. https://doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2018.1454357 DOI
Freyssenet, M. (2009). Introduction: Ten Years On, What Have We Learnt? W: M. Freyssenet (red.), The Second Automobile Revolution (s. 1‑6). London: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI
Givoni, M., & Banister, D. (2010). Integrated Transport: from policy to practice. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. DOI
Golunov, S. (2018). Balancing Between Legality and Illegality: Russian Import of Japanese Used Cars and Unauthorized Export of Russian Marine Bioresources to Japan. Pacific Affairs, 91(3), 499‑522. https://doi.org/10.5509/2018923499 DOI
Goodwin, P., Dargay, J., & Hanly, M. (2004). Elasticities of road traffic and fuel consumption with respect to price and income: a review. Transport Reviews, 24(3), 275‑292. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144164042000181725 DOI
Greim, H. (2019). Diesel engine emissions: are they no longer tolerable?. Archives of toxicology, 93, 2483‑2490. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204‑019‑02531‑5 DOI
Hamed, M.M., & Abdelwahab, W.M. (1996). Effect of government policies and vehicle marketing strategies on household vehicle demand and fuel consumption. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 23(3), 587‑587. https://doi.org/10.1139/l96‑867 DOI
Hanly, M., & Dargay, J.M. (2000). Car ownership in Great Britain: Panel data analysis. Transportation Research Record, 1718(1), 83‑89. https://doi.org/10.3141/1718‑11 DOI
Hao, H., Geng, Y., & Sarkis, J. (2016). Carbon footprint of global passenger cars: Scenarios through 2050. Energy, 101, 121‑131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.01.089 DOI
Helmers, E., Leitão, J., Tietge, U., & Butler, T. (2019). CO2-equivalent emissions from European passenger vehicles in the years 1995‑2015 based on real-world use: Assessing the climate benefit of the European "diesel boom." Atmospheric Environment, 198, 122‑132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.10.039 DOI
Hooftman, N., Messagie, M., Van Mierlo, J., & Coosemans, T. (2018). A review of the European passenger car regulations - Real driving emissions vs local air quality. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 86, 1‑21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.01.012 DOI
Ingram, G.K., & Liu, Z. (1999). Determinants of motorization and road provision. W: G. Ibanez, B.W. Tye, & C. Winston (red.), Essays in Transportation Economics and Policy (s. 325‑356), Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press. DOI
Janic, M. (2001). Integrated transport systems in the European Union: an overview of some recent developments. Transport Review, 21, 469‑497. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441640110042147 DOI
Jansson, J.O. (1989). Car demand modelling and forecasting: a new approach. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 23(2), 125‑140. Pobrane z: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20052878 (15.12.2020).
Jittrapirom, P., Caiati, V., Feneri, A.-M., Ebrahimigharehbaghi, S., Alonso-González, M.J., & Narayan, J., 2017. Mobility as a Service: A Critical Review of Definitions, Assessments of Schemes, and Key Challenges. Urban Planning, 2(2), 13‑25. https://doi.org/10.17645/up.v2i2.931 DOI
Johnson, T.R. (1978). Aggregation and the demand for new and used automobiles. The Review of Economic Studies, 45(2), 311‑327. DOI
Karlaftis, M., & Golias, J. (2002). Automobile ownership, households without automobiles, and urban traffic parameters: are they related? Transportation Research Record, 1792(1), 29‑35. https://doi.org/10.3141/1792‑04 DOI
Keuken, M.P., Jonkers, S., Verhagen, H.L.M., Perez, L., Trüeb, S., Okkerse, W.-J., Liu, J., Pan, X.C., Zheng, L., Wang, H., Xu, R., & Sabel, C.E. (2014). Impact on air quality of measures to reduce CO2 emissions from road traffic in Basel, Rotterdam, Xi'an and Suzhou. Atmospheric Environment, 98, 434‑41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.024 DOI
Kisiała, W., Kudłak, R., Gadziński, J., Dyba, W., Kołsut, B., & Stryjakiewicz, T. (2017). An attempt to model the demand for new cars in Poland and its spatial differences. Economics and Business Review, 3(17), 4, 111‑127. https:/doi.org/10.18559/ebr.2017.4.7 DOI
Kołsut, B. (2020). The import of used cars to Poland after EU accession. Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 34(2), 129‑143. https://doi.org/10.24917/20801653.342.9 DOI
Kołsut, B., Gadziński, J., & Stryjakiewicz, T. (2020). Ułomności statystyki motoryzacji w Polsce i ich konsekwencje dla badań geograficznych. Przegląd Geograficzny, 92(2), 227‑245. https://doi.org/10.7163/PrzG.2020.2.4 DOI
Komornicki, T. (2003). Factors of development of car ownership in Poland. Transport reviews, 23(4), 413‑431. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144164022000026936 DOI
Komornicki, T. (2011). Przemiany mobilności codziennej Polaków na tle rozwoju motoryzacji. Prace Geograficzne, 227, Warszawa: IGiPZ PAN.
Krzak, J. (2004). Skutki akcesji Polski do UE dla branży samochodowej. Kancelaria Sejmu, Biuro Studiów i Ekspertyz, Wydział Analiz Ekonomicznych i Społecznych, Raport nr 224.
Kudłak, R., Kisiała, W., Gadziński, J., Dyba, W., Kołsut, B., & Stryjakiewicz, T. (2017). Społeczno-ekonomiczne i przestrzenne uwarunkowania popytu na nowe samochody w Polsce. Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 68(2), 119‑139. https://doi.org/10.7366/150949956806 DOI
Kumar, R.R., & Alok, K. (2020). Adoption of electric vehicle: a literature review and prospects for sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119911 DOI
Kuzmichev, A.A., & Loboyko, V.F. (2016). Impact of the Polluted Air on the Appearance of Buildings and Architectural Monuments in the Area of Town Planning. Procedia Engineering, 150, 2095‑2101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.244 DOI
Lansley, G. (2016). Cars and socio-economics: understanding neighbourhood variations in car characteristics from administrative data. Regional Studies, Regional Science, 3(1), 264‑285. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2016.1177466 DOI
Lee, K., & Ni, S. (2002). On the dynamic effects of oil price shocks: a study using industry level data. Journal of Monetary economics, 49(4), 823‑852. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304‑3932 (02)00114‑9 DOI
Lerman, S., & Ben-Akiva, M. (1975). Disaggregate behavioural model of automobile ownership. Transportation Research Record, 569, 34‑51.
Mannering, F.L., & Train, K. (1985). Recent directions in automobile demand modeling. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 19(4), 265‑274. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191‑2615 (85)90035‑9 DOI
Matas, A., & Raymond, J.L. (2008). Changes in the structure of car ownership in Spain. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 42(1), 187‑202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2007.08.005 DOI
Mehlhart, G., Merz, C., Akkermans, L.A., & Jordal-Jørgensen, J. (2011). European second-hand car market analysis. Final Report, Darmstadt, Germany: Öko-Institut. Pobrane z: https://www.oeko. de/oekodoc/1114/2011‑005-en.pdf (10.12.2019).
Menes, M. (2014). Czynniki determinujące i wielkość średniorocznych przebiegów samochodów osobowych w krajach wysoko zmotoryzowanych. Transport Samochodowy, 1, 15‑32.
Nega, T., Smith, C., Bethune, J., & Fu, W-H. (2012). An analysis of landscape penetration by road infrastructure and traffic noise. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 36, 245‑256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2011.09.001 DOI
Nieuwenhuis, P., & Wells, P. (2003). The automotive industry and the environment. Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing. DOI
Nijland, H., & van Meerkerk, J. (2017). Mobility and environmental impacts of car sharing in the Netherlands. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 23, 84‑91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eist.2017.02.001 DOI
Nolan, A. (2010). A dynamic analysis of household car ownership. Transportation Research Part A: policy and practice, 44(6), 446‑455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2010.03.018 DOI
Oakil, A.T.M., Ettema, D., Arentze, T., & Timmermans, H. (2014). Changing household car ownership level and life cycle events: an action in anticipation or an action on occurrence. Transportation, 41(4), 889‑904. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11116‑013‑9507‑0 DOI
OICA, (2019). International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Sales Statistics. Pobrane z: https://www.oica.net/category/sales-statistics/(15.12.2020).
Pascal, M., Corso, M., Chanel, O., Declercq, C., Badaloni, C., Cesaroni, G., Henschel, S., Meister, K., Haluza, D., Martin-Olmedo, P., & Medina, S. (2013). Assessing the public health impacts of urban air pollution in 25 European cities: Results of the Aphekom project. Science of The Total Environment, 449, 390‑400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.077 DOI
Pelletiere, D., & Reinert, K.A. (2004). Used automobile protection and trade: Gravity and ordered probit analysis. Empirical Economics, 29(4), 737‑751. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181‑004‑0216‑6 DOI
Pelletiere, D., & Reinert, K.A. (2006). World trade in used automobiles: a gravity analysis of Japanese and US exports. Asian Economic Journal, 20(2), 161‑172. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467‑8381.2006.00227.x-i1 DOI
Pelletiere, D., & Reinert, K.A. (2010). World Exports of New and Used Automobiles: A Gravity Model Comparison among the European Union, Japan and the United States. International Economic Journal, 24(1), 103‑110. https://doi.org/10.1080/10168731003589709 DOI
Pendyala, R.M., Kostyniuk, L.P., & Goulias, K.G. (1995). A repeated cross-sectional evaluation of car ownership. Transportation, 22(2), 165‑184. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01099438 DOI
Potrykowski, M., & Taylor, Z. (1982). Geografia transportu. Zarys problemów, modeli i metod badawczych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo PWN.
Plötz, P., Schneider, U., Globisch, J., & Dütschke, E. (2014). Who will buy electric vehicles? Identifying early adopters in Germany. Transportation Research Part A, 67, 96‑109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2014.06.006 DOI
Prillwitz, J., Harms, S., & Lanzendorf, M. (2006). Impact of life-course events on car ownership. Transportation Research Record, 1985(1), 71‑77. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198106198500108 DOI
Root, E. (2006). The impact of used car imports on the industry and markets in Eastern Europe. Proceedings of the Global Automotive Conference, 11, Florence, Italy.
Rosik, P. (2016). Determinants of demand in individual transport with particular reference to spatial aspect. Europa XXI, 31, 81‑94. https://doi.org/10.7163/Eu21.2016.31.6 DOI
Rosik, P., Komornicki, T., Goliszek, S., Śleszyński, P., Szarata, A., Szejgiec-Kolenda, B., Pomianowski, W., & Kowalczyk, K. (2018). Kompleksowe modelowanie osobowego ruchu drogowego w Polsce: uwarunkowania na poziomie gminnym, Prace Geograficzne, 267. Warszawa: IGiPZ PAN.
Ryan, J.M., & Han, G. (1999). Vehicle-ownership model using family structure and accessibility application to Honolulu, Hawaii. Transportation Research Record, 1676(1), 1‑10. https://doi.org/10.3141/1676‑01 DOI
Shaheen, S.A., & Cohen, A.P. (2013). Carsharing and Personal Vehicle Services: Worldwide Market Developments and Emerging Trends. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 7(1), 5‑34. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2012.660103 DOI
Steg, L. (2005). Car use: lust and must. Instrumental, symbolic and affective motives for car use. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 39 (2‑3), 147‑162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2004.07.001 DOI
Stokes, G., Hallett, S., Goodwin, P., Kenny, F., Jones, P., Hass-Klau, C., & Bradburn, P. (1991). Buses in towns. Washington, DC: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL).
Stone, T. (2017). Light Pollution: A Case Study in Framing an Environmental Problem. Ethics, Policy & Environment, 20(3), 279‑293. https://doi.org/10.1080/21550085.2017.1374010 DOI
Stryjakiewicz, T., Kudłak, R., Gadziński, J., Kołsut, B., Dyba, W., & Kisiała, W. (2017). Czasoprzestrzenna analiza rynku nowych samochodów osobowych w Polsce. Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 31(3), 64‑79. https://doi.org./10.24917/20801653.313.5 DOI
Świetlik, K. (2005). Ekonometryczna analiza popytu na samochody w Polsce w latach 1993‑2003. Prace Naukowe Katedry Ekonomii i Zarządzania Przedsiębiorstwem, 4, 189‑204.
Świetlik, K. (2009). Modele popytu na samochody osobowe na rynku pierwotnym w Polsce w latach 2004‑2009. Pieniądze i Więź, 44(3), 175‑192.
Taylor, Z. (2004). Recent changes in Polish transport policy. Transport Reviews, 24(1), 19‑32. https://doi.org/10.1080/014416402200028817 DOI
Taylor, Z., & Ciechański, A. (2008). What Happened to the National Road Carrier in a Post Communist Country? The Case of Poland's State Road Transport. Transport Reviews, 28(5), 619‑640. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441640801943018 DOI
Teal, R.F. (1987). Carpooling: Who, how and why. Transportation Research Part A: General, 21(3), 203‑214. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191‑2607 (87)90014‑8 DOI
Thomas, S.C.E. (2012). How green are electric vehicles? International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37, 6053‑6062. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.12.118 DOI
Train, K. (1980). A structured logit model of auto ownership and mode choice. The Review of Economic Studies, 47(2), 357‑370. DOI
Train, K. (1986). Qualitative choice analysis: Theory, econometrics, and an application to automobile demand. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Trela, M. (2019). Comparison of financial and external costs related to the use of selected electric and conventional passenger cars - the example of Poland. Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, 30(4), 18‑24. https://doi.org/10.2478/oszn-2019‑0017 DOI
Uherek, E., Halenka, T., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Balkanski, Y., Berntsen, T., Borrego, C., Gauss, M., Hoor, P., Juda-Rezler, K., Lelieveld, J., Melas, D., Rypdal, K., & Schmid, S. (2010). Transport impacts on atmosphere and climate: Land transport. Atmospheric Environment, 44(37), 4772‑4816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.01.002 DOI
Urry, J. (2004). The 'system'of automobility. Theory, culture & society, 21 (4‑5), 25‑39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276404046059 DOI
Wang, Y., Yu, Y., Huang, K., Chen, B., Deng, W., & Yao, Y. (2017). Quantifying the environmental impact of a Li-rich high-capacity cathode material in electric vehicles via life cycle assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(2), 1251‑1260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356‑016‑7849‑9 DOI
Weiss, M., Bonnel, P., Hummel, R., Provenza, A., & Manfredi, U. (2011). On-Road Emissions of Light-Duty Vehicles in Europe. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(19), 8575‑8581. https://doi.org/10.1021/es2008424 DOI
Wenten, F. (2020). The Automotive Industry in China: Past and Present. W: A. Covarrubias, & S.M.R. Perez (red.), New Frontiers of the Automobile Industry (s. 279‑300). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI
Whelan, G. (2007). Modelling car ownership in Great Britain. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(3), 205‑219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2006.09.013 DOI
White, L., & Sintov, N.D. (2017). You are what you drive: Environmentalist and social innovator symbolism drives electric vehicle adoption intentions. Transportation Research Part A: Policy Practice, 99, 94‑113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2017.03.008 DOI
Wootton, J. (1999). Replacing the private car. Transport Reviews, 19(2), 157‑175. https://doi.org/10.1080/014416499295592 DOI
Workman, D. (2018). Car Exports by Country. WTEx. Pobrane z: http://www.worldstopexports.com/car-exports-country/ (15.12.2020).
Younes, B. (1995). The benefits of improving public transport: a myth or reality? Transport Reviews, 15(4), 333‑356. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441649508716924 DOI

Relation:

Przegląd Geograficzny

Volume:

93

Issue:

2

Start page:

249

End page:

268

Resource type:

Text

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

0033-2143 (print) ; 2300-8466 (on-line) ; 10.7163/PrzG.2021.2.6

Source:

CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, sygn.: Cz.181, Cz.3136, Cz.4187 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.

Access:

Open

×

Citation

Citation style: