Object structure

Title:

Wpływ cofki zbiornika zaporowego na koryto rzeki górskiej – perspektywy badań = The impact of dam-reservoir backwater on mountain river channel – research perspectives

Subtitle:

Przegląd Geograficzny T. 92 z. 1 (2020)

Creator:

Liro, Maciej. Autor https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4674-5492 - ; Krzemień, Kazimierz. Autor https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9417-1243 -

Publisher:

IGiPZ PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Date issued/created:

2020

Description:

24 cm

Subject and Keywords:

dam-reservoir ; anthropocene ; mountainous river ; river bank flora

Abstract:

Dam reservoir construction is one of the most important factors shaping river-valley morphology in the Anthropocene. While a large number (>58,000) of these constructions are in operation all over the world, we remain quite ignorant of what happens upstream of them (in so called backwater zone), especially for the case of gravel-bed rivers. Existing studies have shown that adjustments of the gravel-bed river in the backwater zone differ between the initial and long-term adjustments. The initial adjustments (occurring ≈ <20 years following dam construction) are controlled by large floods and in-channel deposition which trigger bi-directional bar↔bank interactions (bank erosion causing bar growth and vice versa) resulting in channel-widening. The long-term adjustments (≈ >20 years following dam construction) are characterized by river sinuosity increa sing and channel planform stabilization resulted from deposition of fine sediment and associated vegetation expansion. The long-term adjustments are controlled by the initial river morphology, which creates accommodation space for the deposition of fine sediment and for the associated expansion of vegetation on channel bars. The multi-thread river in backwater zone is significantly narrowed, its sinuosity increase (phase 1) and the planform is stabilized (phase 2). Whereas, in the case of initially single-thread river only planform stabilization occur (phase 2). This article summarizes recent findings on the backwater effects on gravel-bed channel morphodynamics, suggesting that backwater zones may be treated as hot-spots of human-induced changes in river geomorphology and biogeomorphology.

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Relation:

Przegląd Geograficzny

Volume:

92

Issue:

1

Start page:

55

End page:

68

Resource Type:

Article

Format:

File size 1,7 MB ; application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

0033-2143 (print) ; 2300-8466 (on-line) ; 10.7163/PrzG.2020.1.4

Source:

CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, sygn.: Cz.181, Cz.3136, Cz.4187 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.

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