Object structure

Nierówności przestrzenne a geografia niezadowolenia. Przykład preferencji wyborczych na obszarach problemowych w Polsce = Spatial inequalities and the geography of discontent. Examples of voting preferences in problem areas of Poland


Przegląd Geograficzny T. 95 z. 4 (2023)


Bański, Jerzy (1960– ) : Autor Affiliation ORCID ; Kowalski, Mariusz : Autor Affiliation ORCID ; Konopski, Michał : Autor Affiliation ORCID



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24 cm

Subject and Keywords:

spatial inequalities ; geography of discontent ; voting preferences ; problem areas ; populism


Consequences of spatial inequalities pose a threat to social cohesion as well as injustice and marginalization, potentially contributing to political breakdown. Social discontent is reflected in the rise of populist and contestationist parties that target establishment parties. The article addresses the issue of socio-economic spatial inequalities on a regional scale and the resulting geography of discontent among communities that feel "left behind." An analysis of political preferences was conducted by comparing two electoral districts located in problem areas (characterized by urbanization lag - Chełm district and transformation shock - Koszalin district). The results of the last four elections to the Polish parliament (2011, 2015, 2019, 2023) were examined. The outcomes were contrasted with nationwide political orientations and one of the most elite, implicitly the least populist, localities in Poland (Poznań district). On this basis, the thesis of more populist electoral preferences of the population in problem areas can be confirmed. Populism, however, does not always represent a specific ideology on the left-right axis, and shows the potential to attract voters whose preferences are shared among local conservative or more progressive fractions. More ideologically expressive groups, both right-wing and left-wing, obtained comparable and above national results in problem areas in both types of communities. On the other hand, mainstream parties, realizing the potential of populist factions, are adjusting their electoral program to compete for the votes of "dissatisfied" communities of "left behind" areas. --


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0033-2143 (print) ; 2300-8466 (on-line) ; 10.7163/PrzG.2023.4.4


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Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund





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