Title: The Northern Ladoga region as a prospective tourist destination in the Russian-Finnish borderland: Historical, cultural, ecological and economic aspects


Geographia Polonica Vol. 92 No. 4 (2019)



Place of publishing:



24 cm


The work reported here has examined the transformation of the Northern Ladoga region (a natural and historical region in the Russian-Finnish borderland) from ‘closed’ border area into a prospective tourist destination in the face of changes taking place in the 1990s. Three periods to the development of tourism in the region are identified, while the article goes on to explore general trends and features characterising the development of a tourist destination, with the focus on tourist infrastructure, the developing types of tourism and tourismoriented projects. Measures to further stimulate tourism as an economic activity of the region are suggested.


Alexandrova A.Yu., 2012. Political-administrative boundaries: From being a barrier to becoming a tourist resource. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta, Ser. 5 Geografija, no. 3, pp. 15-20. [Russian]
Artemyev A.B., Yushko A.A., 2012. Integrated development of Ruskeala Mountain Park. Speleology and spelestology, no. 3, pp. 263-265. [Russian]
Artobolevskij S., 2006. Border territories of the Russian Federation: What the state can and wants. Russian Expert Review, no. 4 (18), pp. 9-11. [Russian]
Björn I., 2015. Border province: The main features of the development of North Karelia after World War II. Studia Humanitatis Borealis, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 4-16. [Russian]
Bujdoso Z., David L., Varga D., Zhakupov A., Gyurkó Á., Pénzes Já., 2015. Tourism development and cross-border cooperation in the Hungarian-Romanian border region. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 154-164.
Druzhinin P.V., 2005. Development economy of border regions in transition. Petrozavodsk: Karel'skij naučnyj centr Rossijskoj akademii nauk. [Russian]
Eskelinen H., Oksa J., Austin D. (ed.), 1994. Russian Karelia in search of a new role. Joensuu: Karelian institute. University of Joensuu.
From St. Petersburg to the Mountain Park Ruskeala with the new speed train. https://www.russianrail.com/news/from-st-petersburg-to-the-mountain-park-ruskeala-with-the-new-speed-train.html [27 December 2018].
Gromov V.V., 2003. The impact of tourism on the development of the region. Petrozavodsk: Scandinavia. [Russian]
Ivanter D., Shchurov I., Shirokov V., 2002. Hiitola River as a promising object of fishing tourism (the fisheries estimations). Petrozavodsk: Scandinavia.
Izotov A., Laine J., 2013. Constructing (un)familiarity: Role of tourism in identity and region building at the Finnish-Russian border. European Planning studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 93-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2012.716241
Jakosuo K., 2011. Russia and the Russian tourist in Finnish tourism strategies - The case of the Karelian region. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 1003-1013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.09.015
Karelia will receive 5 billion for tourism development. http://www.rusadventures.ru/news/4797.aspx [16 October 2017]. [Russian]
Karelia: guidebook, 2012. Petrozavodsk: Forever.
Karhapää-Puhakka S., Suni J. (ed.), 2014. The attractiveness of rural tourism destinations in the Republic of Karelia and Eastern Finland. Joensuu: University of Eastern Finland.
Kovács I., Nagy G., 2013. Tourism in peripheric regions - The possibilities of thematic routes. Analele Universităţii din Oradea. Seria Geografie, no. 2, pp. 220-228.
Kropinova E.G., 2014. Project "Crossroads 2.0" in the creation of the crossborder tourism region in the South-Eastern Baltic area. Pskov regionologichesky journal, no. 17, pp. 53-59.
Kurilo A.E., Kurilo M.O., Nemkovich E.G., Stepanova S.V., Chubieva I.V., 2009. Economic and geographical reference book of municipalities of the Republic of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Institut èkonomiki Karel'skogo naučnogo centra Rossijskoj akademii nauk. [Russian]
Laine J., 2017. Finnish-Russian border mobility and tourism: Localism overruled by geopolitics [in:] D. Hall (ed.) Tourism and geopolitics: Issues and concepts from Central and Eastern Europe, Wallingford: CABI, pp. 178-190. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781780647616.0178
Lintunen P., Hytönen M., Ikonen K., Kivimäki S., 1998. Laatokan pohjoisrannikon kulttuuriympäristö: suomalainen kulttuuriperintö Laatokan pohjoisrannikon maisemissa. Helsinki: Suomen ympäristökeskus. [Finnish].
Makkonen T., 2016. Cross-border shopping and tourism destination marketing: The case of Southern Jutland, Denmark. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 16, sup. 1, pp. 36-50. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2016.1244506
Makkonen T., Williams A., Weidenfeld A., Kaisto V., 2018. Cross-border knowledge transfer and innovation in the European neighbourhood: Tourism cooperation at the Finnish-Russian border. Tourism management, vol. 68, pp. 140-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.03.008
Matznetter J., 1979. Border and tourism: Fundamental relations [in:] G. Gruber, H. Lamping, W. Lutz, J. Matznetter, K. Vorlaufer (eds.), Tourism and borders: Proceedings of the meeting of the IGU Working group: Geography of tourism and recreation - Frankfurt, pp. 61-73.
Mezhevich N., 2006. Models of cross-border cooperation in Russia: Research experience in municipalities of the Pskov region. Rossijskoe èkspertnoe obozrenie, no. 4(18), pp. 28-30. [Russian]
Mikhailova N., Ieshko E., Lintunen P. (eds.), 2000. Land use planning, tourism and regional development in the north-west coast of Lake Ladoga and eastern Lake Saimaa area. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Research Center RAS.
Morozova T.V., 2006. Karelian model of transboundary cooperation and development of border local communities. Economics of Contemporary Russia, no. 1, pp. 73-89. [Russian]
Nenonen J.K., Stepanova S.V., 2018. Geological tourism development in the Finnish-Russian borderland: The case of the cross-border geological route "Mining Road". Acta Geoturistica, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 23-29. https://doi.org/10.1515/agta-2018-0003
Nilson J.H., Eskilsson L., Ek R., 2010. Creating cross-border destinations: Interreg Programmes and regionalization in the Baltic Sea area. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 153-172. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250903561978
Nyaupane G.P., Poudel S., Timothy D.J., 2018. Assessing the sustainability of tourism systems: A social-ecological approach. Tourism Review International, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 49-66. https://doi.org/10.3727/154427218x15202734130440
Objects of cultural heritage of the Republic of Karelia, http://monuments.karelia.ru/ob-ekty-kul-turnogo-nasledija/statisticheskie-svedenija-po-dislokacii-ob-ektov-kul-turnogo-nasledija-respubliki-karelija/[15 August 2018]. [Russian]
Order of the Federal Security Service of Russia of August 7, 2017 N 454, "On approval of the rules of the border regime", http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_282173/ [20 December 2018]. [Russian].
Owl Mountain - the museum in the cliff. Retrieved from http://gorafilina.ru/en_gb [10 December 2019].
Pashkov A.M., 2004. The presentation of Old Finland in the descriptions of Russian travellers and observers from the end of 18th to the beginning of the 20th century. Fennia - International Journal of Geography, vol. 182, no. 1, pp. 13-22.
Potakhin S.B., 2001. Retrospective analysis of tourism development in the Northern and North-Western Ladoga region. Comprehensive geographical studies of Karelian nature protection areas: Program, reports and abstracts of the scientific-practical conference April 25-26, 2000. Petrozavodsk: Karelian State Pedagogical University. [Russian].
Prokkola E.-K., 2008. Resources and barriers in tourism development: Cross-border cooperation, regionalization and destination building at the Finnish-Swedish border. Fennia, vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 31-46.
Prokkola E.-K., 2010. Borders in tourism: The transformation of the Swedish-Finnish border landscape. Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 223-238. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500902990528
Ruskeala Mountain Park. https://ruskeala.ru/ [05 December 2018].
Ruskeala Symphony Music Festival, 2018. Ruskeala Mountain Park, https://ruskeala-symphony.com/en/page/about [20 December 2018].
Russia - Northern Forest Baja will traditionally open the new season in the FIA World Cup for cross-country rallies. https://www.rallyraidnetwork.com/rrn/?view=article&id=1753:russia-northern-forest-baja-will-traditionally-open-the-new-season-in-the-fia-world-cup-for-cross-country-rallies&catid-=189 [21 December 2018].
Russian Federation Government Decree On the creation of the National Park Ladoga Skerries on 28.12.2017 no. 1684. The official website of the Ministry of Nature Management and Ecology of the Republic of Karelia, https://minprirody.karelia.ru/ohrana-okruzhajucshej-sredy/nacional-nyj-park-ladozhskie-shhery/ [20 December 2018]. [Russian]
Saarinen J., 2003. The regional economics of tourism in Northern Finland: The socio-economic implications of recent tourism development and future possibilities for regional development. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 91-113. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250310001927
Saarinen J., 2014. Conflicting limits to growth in sustainable tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 903-904. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2014.972344
Saarinen J., 2014. Critical sustainability: Setting the limits to growth and responsibility in tourism. Sustainability, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6010001
Saveljev Yu.V., Tolstoguzov O.V. (ed.), 2008. Regional tourism management. Practice of the Strategy of the Republic of Karelia,. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Research Center RAS. [Russian]
Sevastiyanov D., Colpaert A., Korostelev E., Mulyava O., Shitova L., 2014. Management of tourism and recreation possibilities for the sustainable development of the north-western border region in Russia. Nordia Geographical Publication, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 27-38.
Severnoe Priladozhie. Wikimedia Foundation, https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Северное_Приладожье [17 July 2018]. [Russian]
Shekov V.A., 2015. Geological, mining and industrial heritage of the Republic of Karelia and Finland. Cross-Border Cooperation Programme project ENPI CBC "Karelia" KA 334 "Mining road". Proceedings of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, no. 7, pp. 205-210. [Russian]
Shishkin A.I., Petrova N.V., 2013. Trans-boundary area of rural tourism: Karelia and Finland. Èkonomika i upravlenie, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 16-20. [Russian]
Shlyamin V.A., 2002. Russia in the Northern Dimension. Petrozavodsk: Izdatel'stvo Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. [Russian]
Specially protected natural areas of the Republic of Karelia, 2017. [Russian]
Stepanova S.V., 2012. Tourism as a perspective direction of development of the territory of the Northern and North-Western Ladoga region: A retrospective review [in:] Proceedings of the III All-Russian summer school for young researchers of evolutionary and institutional economics, vol. 1, Petrozavodsk: Izdatel'stvo Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, pp. 208-216. [Russian]
Stepanova S.V., 2016. The role of tourism in the development of Russia's northwestern border regions. Baltic Region, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 109-120. https://doi.org/10.5922/2079-8555-2016-3-9
Stepanova S.V., Shulepov V.I., 2019. Way to assess the development of municipal tourism infrastructure. Journal of Applied Engineering Science, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 87-92. https://doi.org/10.5937/jaes17-17073
Tammen Maailmankartasto, 1987. Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö.
The Administrative-Territorial Division of the Republic of Karelia. The Official Karelia. The official web portal of the Republic of Karelia, http://gov.karelia.ru/gov/Regions/admin_e.html [21 December 2018].
The Border Guard in Figures. The Finnish Border Guide, https://www.raja.fi/current_issues/statistics [14 July 2018].
The Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. The official website, http://www.ps.fsb.ru/smi.htm [08 August 2018].
The border zone in the Republic of Karelia. The Official Karelia. The official web portal of the Republic of Karelia, http://gov.karelia.ru/gov/Power/Office/FSB/frontier.html] [21 December 2018].
The Federal State Statistics Service, The official website, http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/ [08 August 2018]. [Russian]
The Federal Target Program, "The development of domestic and inbound tourism in the Russian Federation during 2011-2018, Russian Federation Government Decree on 02.08.2011 no. 644. [Russian].
The General Scheme of the Distribution of Tourist Objects and Tourist Infrastructure in Republic of Karelia as part of the Scheme of Land-Use Planning in the Republic of Karelia. Tourist zone "Priladozhskaya", 2007. St. Petersburg. [Russian].
The Main Provisions of the Concept of Social and Economic Development of the Republic of Karelia for the period 1999 - 2002 - 2010. http://old.gov.karelia.ru/Leader/Document/concep.html [10 December 2018].
The museums and cultural sights on the international route "Blue Highway" in Republic of Karelia (Russian Federation), 2007. Petrozavodsk.
The second music festival Ruskeala Symphony gathered six thousand spectators, 2018. The Official Karelia. The official web portal of the Republic of Karelia, http://gov.karelia.ru/gov/News/2018/08/0826_01.html [21 December 2018].
Timothy D.J., 2001. Tourism and political boundaries. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203214480
Timothy D.J., Saarinen J., Viken A., 2016. Editorial: tourism issues and international borders in the Nordic region. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2016.1244504
Unified tourist passport of the Lahdenpohja municipality of the Republic of Karelia, 2016. Administration of the Lahdenpohja municipality, 20 pp. http://www.uverenniy.ru/unificirovannij-turistskij-pasport-lahdenpohskogo-municipaleno.html [20 December 2018]. [Russian].
Unified tourist passport of the Pitkyaranta municipality of the Republic of Karelia, 2016. Administration of the Pitkyaranta municipality, 19 pp. http://www.uverenniy.ru/unificirovannij-turistskij-pasport-lahdenpohskogo-municipaleno.html [20 December 2018]. [Russian]
Unified tourist passport of the Republic of Karelia, 2018. Department of Tourism, 209 pp. http://old.gov.karelia.ru/Power/Committee/Sport/unif_turpass2016.pdf [20 December 2018]. [Russian].
Unified tourist passport of the Sortavala municipality of the Republic of Karelia, 2016. Administration of the Sortavala municipality, 28 pp. http://рк-сортавала.рф/city/ekonomika_rayona/dokumenty_ekonomiki/?ELEMENT_ID=48828 [20 December 2018]. [Russian].
Vodeb K., 2010. Cross-border regions as potential tourist destinations along the Slovene Croatian frontier. Tourism and hospitality management, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 219-228.
Vodeb K., Nemec Rudež H., 2017. Which attributes are important to tourists in a mature seaside destinations? A case of Opatija in Croatia. Tourism, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 267-279.
Więckowski M., 2009. Development of the new tourist space in the Polish borderlands [in:] Discussion Papers, Old and New Borderlines /Frontiers/ Margins, Pécs: Centre for regional studies, pp. 89-97.
Więckowski M., 2010. Tourism development in the borderland of Poland. Geographia Polonica, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 67-81. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2010.2.5
Więckowski M., Cerić D., 2016. Evolving tourism on the Baltic Sea coast: perspectives on change in the Polish maritime borderland. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 98-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2016.1244598
Więckowski M., Michniak D., Bednarek-Szczepańska M., Chrenka B., Ira V., Komornicki T., Rosik P., Stępniak M., Szekely V., Śleszyński P., Świątek D., Wiśniewski R., 2014. Road accessibility to tourist destinations of the Polish-Slovak borderland: 2010-2030 prediction and planning. Geographia Polonica, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 5-26. https://doi.org/10.7163/gpol.2014.1


Geographia Polonica ; Geographia Polonica





Start page:


End page:



File size 0,3 MB

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:87775 ; 0016-7282 (print) ; 2300-7362 (online) ; 10.7163/GPol.0156


CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, call nos.: Cz.2085, Cz.2173, Cz.2406 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.

Object collections:

Last modified:

Dec 13, 2019

In our library since:

Dec 13, 2019

Number of object content hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:




This page uses 'cookies'. More information