Object

Planned object

Title: News from the Eastern Fringe – The Baunzen Site near Vienna, Austria

Creator:

Brandl, Michael ; Schmitsberger, Oliver ; Trnka, Gerhard

Date issued/created:

2018

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Between History and Archaeology : papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Contributor:

Brandl, Michael. Tł.

Publisher:

Archaeopress Archaeology

Place of publishing:

Oxford; England

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm

Abstract:

As previously suspected, the St. Veit Klippen Belt series west of the city limits of Vienna produced evidence for prehistoric quarrying and knapping activities linked to radiolarite outcrops additional to the well-known site of Vienna Mauer. However, the density of this recently discovered ‘mining cluster’ west of Vienna surpassed even the most optimistic expectations. The present study discusses one of the largest newly discovered knapping sites within this mining landscape, the Baunzen site, St. Pölten-Land district. Surveys of the archaeological evidence, a characterization of ‘Baunzen type’ silicites and initial techno-typological investigations on a representative sample of debitage allowed for preliminary assessments of the new finding`s nature. The site is composed of an extensive waste heap of on-the-spot knapping and testing debris, weathering out of a steep slope bounded by a small river, and additionally cut by a recently constructed road. The Baunzen type raw material consists of two main radiolarite varieties. Both are in most cases fine grained but frequently display tectonic clefts, reducing the overall knapping quality significantly. As a result, oftentimes only small angular broken specimens could be used as initial cores.Chronologically, quarrying and knapping activities at the Baunzen site appear to cover an extended period of time. The investigated sample of debitage, exclusively surface finds, suggests a relatively young dating within the Neolithic period and potentially beyond, with the majority of the lithic material assignable to the flake dominated Late Neolithic (Copper Age) industries in northeastern Austria. However, based on the admittedly poor state of research concerning the Late- and Eneolithic in the study area, only a small number of assemblages dating to those periods contain Baunzen type material, and to date there exists no evidence for Post-Neolithic stone tool production on Baunzen radiolarite. Hopefully, ongoing projects will be able to answer the most pressing chronological issues of the ‘Neolithic mining landscape of Vienna’, with the Baunzen site as starting point

References:

Binsteiner, A. 1990. Das neolithische Feuersteinbergwerk von Arnhofen, Ldkr. Kelheim, Bayerische Vorgeschichtsblätter 55, 1–56 ; Brandl, M. and Trnka, G. 2014. The Eastern Fringe: Lithic Raw Materials from the Eastern most Alps in Austria. In D. Piotrowska, W. Piotrowski, K. Kaptur and A. Jedynak (eds), Górnictwo z epoki kamienia: Krzemionki – Polska - Europa. W 90. Rocznicę odkrycia kopalni w Krzemionkach [Stone Age mining: Krzemionki – Poland – Europe. On the 90. anniversary of Krzemionki mine discovery], Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Muzeum Historyczno- Archeologiczne w Ostrowcu Świętokrzyskim [Historical and Archaeological Museum in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski], Silex et Ferrum Vol. 1, 335– 359 ; Brandl, M., Hauzenberger, C., Postl, W., Martinez, M.M., Filzmoser, P., and Trnka, G. 2014. Radiolarite studies at Krems-Wachtberg (Lower Austria): Northern Alpine versus Carpathian lithic resources, Quaternary International 351, 146–162 ; BSI 2009. BSI British Standards. Code of practice for earthworks, BS 6031, 2009 ; Dunham, R.J. 1962. Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture. In W.E. Ham (ed.), Classification of carbonate rocks,Tulsa, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 1, 108–121 ; Embry, A.F. III and Klovan, J.S. 1971. A Late Devonian reef tract on northeastern Banks Island. N.W.T., Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 4, 730–781 ; Geological Society of America (GSA) 2009. Geological Rock Color Chart with genuine Munsell color chips ; Janoschek, R., Küpper, H. and Zirkl, E.J. 1954. Beiträge zur Geologie des Klippenbereiches bei Wien, Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft 47, 235–308 ; Oliva, M. 2010. Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese. Vznik a vývoj industriálně-sakrální krajiny najižní Moravě [Prehistoric mining in the ‘Krumlovský les‘ (southern Moravia). Origin and developement of an industrial-sacred landscape], Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Anthropos 32 (N.S. 24) ; Oliva, M. 2014. Krumlovský les (jižní Morava) na konci eneolitu [The ‘Krumlovský les’ (Southern Moravia) at the end of the Neolithic]. In D. Piotrowska, W. Piotrowski, K. Kaptur and A. Jedynak (eds), Górnictwo z epoki kamienia: Krzemionki – Polska – Europa. W 90. Rocznicę odkrycia kopalni w Krzemionkach [Stone Age mining: Krzemionki – Poland – Europe. On the 90. anniversary of Krzemionki mine discovery], Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Muzeum Historyczno-Archeologiczne w Ostrowcu Świętokrzyskim [Historical and Archaeological Museum in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski], Silex et Ferrum Vol. 1, 291– 318 ; Penz, M. 2007. Die Bedeutung des Gemeindeberges in Wien 13, Ober St. Veit als jungsteinzeitlicher Siedlungsplatz, Fundort Wien 10, 194–197 ; Penz, M. and Schmitsberger, O. 2016. Eine neu entdeckte (neolithische?) Hornsteinhalde im Lainzer Tiergarten – Inzersdorfer Wald, Fundort Wien 19, in Press ; Prey, S. 1979. Der Bau der Hauptklippenzone und der Kahlenberger Decke im RaumePurkersdorf- Wienerwaldsee (Wienerwald), Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Wien 2, 205–228 ; Prey, S. 1991. Zur tektonischen Position der Klippe der Antonshöhe bei Mauer – Eine Richtigstellung, Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien 134, 845-847 ; Prey, S. 1993. Die Flyschzone des Wienerwaldes. In B. Plöchinger and S. Prey (eds), Der Wienerwald, Sammlung Geologischer Führer 59, Berlin – Stuttgart, Borntraeger, 1–57 ; Trnka, G. 2014. The Neolithic radiolarite mining site of Wien – Mauer Antonshöhe (Austria). In: K.T. Biró, A. Markó and K.P. Bajnok (eds), Aeolian Scripts. New Ideas on the Lithic World. Studies in Honour of Viola T. Dobosi, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Inventaria Praehistorica Hungarie 13– , 235–245 ; Volkman, J.K. and Tanoue, E. 2002. Chemical and biological studies of particulate organic matter in the ocean, Journal of Oceanography 58, 265–279 ; Wessely, G. 2006. Geologie der österreichischen Bundesländer – Niederösterreich, Wien, Geologische Bundesanstalt

Start page:

59

End page:

68

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget. ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund

Edition name Date

This page uses 'cookies'. More information