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Title: Between Vishnu and Mao Zedong: The Maoist Movement in Multi-ethnic Nepal

Creator:

Bloch, Natalia

Date issued/created:

2010-2011

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Ethnologia Polona 31-32 (2010-2011)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszwa

Description:

24 cm

Abstract:

This article attempts to explain the circumstances that led to a Maoist movement’s success in gaining public support in the world’s only Hindu state. A “people’s war” lasting more than a decade waged by the movement led to the end of two and a half centuries of monarchical rule. How was it possible to instil the idea of class struggle in a society in which there was no working class? Such questions are part of a wider debate about the feasibility of transplanting political categories that were created in Europe (Maoism derives from Marxist-Leninism) to other cultures, and the processes by which they can be adapted to local contexts. In the case of Nepal, an important role was played by the complex ethnic relations in the country, and the social inequalities resulting from these, which the Maoists skilfully exploited

References:

Abdi S. N. M., 2004, Power play (originally published in: The Sunday Times of India 04.11.2001), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, red. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 385–387 ; Asia Pacific. Enforced Disappearances in the Asia Pacific Region Must End 2008, Amnesty International, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA01/010/2008/en/53905532-750f-11dd-8e5e-43ea85d15a69/asa010102008en.pdf ; Bhattacharjya Satarupa, 2008, Red Terror, India Today, February 11, pp. 30–37 ; Bista Dor Bahadur, 2004, People of Nepal, Ratna Pustak Bhandar, Kathmandu ; Dębnicki Krzysztof, 1981, Nepal. Królestwo wśród chmur, Książka i Wiedza, Warszawa ; Dębnicki Krzysztof, 2005, Współczesna historia Królestwa Nepalu, Wydawnictwo Akademickie Dialog, Warszawa ; Giełżyński Wojciech, 2001, Nepal. Horror i sielanka, Wydawnictwo Kurpisz, Poznań ; Jagielski Wojciech, 2010, Maoiści atakują Indie, Gazeta Wyborcza, 29–30 maja, p. 8 ; Kłodkowski Piotr, 2007, Nepalski dylemat, Znak, Vol. 59, No. 7–9, pp. 97–106 ; Mainali Mohan, 2004, “Development” vs the Maobaadis, [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 125–127 ; Majupuria Trilok Chandra, Kumar Rohit, 2008, Religions in Nepal, M. Devi, Lashkar ; Menon Amarnath K., 2008, The Siege Within, India Today, February 11, pp. 38–42 ; Mikesell Stephen L., 2004, The Paradoxical Support of Nepal’s Left for Comrade Gonzalo, [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 35–41 ; Muni S. D., 2004, Maoist Insurgency in Nepal. The Challenge and the Response, Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi ; Nepal. A Spiralling Human Rights Crisis 2002, Amnesty International, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA31/016/2002/en. ; Nepal Statistics Indigenous Peoples, 2006, Nepal Tamang Ghedung, Kathmandu ; Not Everyone Carries a Gun in a Revolution. Interview with Baburam Bhattara,i 2004 (originally published in: Sahara 10.12.2000, trans. from: Nepali Times 22–28.12.2000), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 381–383 ; Onesto Li, 2000, Red Flag Flying on the Roof of the Word. Interview with Prachanda, Revolutionary Worker, No. 1043, http://revcom.us/a/v21/1040-049/1043/interv.htm ; Onesto Li, 2004, Interview with Comrade Prachanda (originally published in: A World to Win, No. 27, 2001), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 211–221 ; Onesto Li, 2004, Report From the People’s War in Nepal, [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 151–179 ; Raj Prakash A., 2007, Crisis of Identity in Nepal, Pilgrims Publishing, Varanasi ; Security Tightened Along Prithvi Highway, 2005, The Kathmandu Post, Vol. XII, No. 356, 14 February ; Sharma Sudheer, 2004, The Maoist Movement. An Evolutionary Perspective, trans. J. Thapa (paper given a conference organised by the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, entitled The Maoist Movement in Nepal: Context, Causes and Implications, 02–03.11.2001), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 361–380 ; Shrestha Shyam, 2004, Nepali Cart Before Horse (originally published in: Himal South Asia, Vol. 10, No. 5, September–October 1997), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 53–57 ; Thapa Deepak ed., 2004, Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu ; Tiwari Chitra, 2004, Maoists Seek a Democratic Nepal. Interview with Baburam Bhattarai (originally published in: Washington Times, 14.12.2002), [in:] Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal, ed. D. Thapa, Chautari Books Series, Kathmandu, pp. 329–335

Relation:

Ethnologia Polona

Volume:

31-32

Start page:

169

End page:

189

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:61375 ; 0137-4079

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 366 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 367 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 368 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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