Object

Title: The 12th century sword of San Galgano in the Hermitage of Montesiepi in Tuscany. A Transmission of the Arthurian Legend?

Creator:

Chodyński, Antoni Romuald

Date issued/created:

2014

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historicae. Fasc. 27 (2014)

Contributor:

Żabiński, Grzegorz. Tł.

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of Polish Academy of Sciences ; Polish Academy of Sciences. Łódź Branch

Place of publishing:

Łódź

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm

Abstract:

The High Middle Ages, when Galgano Guidotti (1148-1181), a Tuscan from Chiusdino lived, was an especially turbulent epoch. In the territory of Tuscany groups of wealthy nobility were active, claiming more political influence. These groups gathered knights who wanted to gain fame and riches in fights. Galgano Guidottiwas fighting in defence of interests of local lords and it is highly probable that he committed many villainies. In the course of such activity he experienced several revelations of Archangel Michael with the flaming sword. These revelations caused a complete spiritual transformation of Galgano. He abandoned secular life and withdrew to an initially primitive hermitage on the hill of Montesiepi. In order to actually and symbolically break up with his hitherto life, he thrust his sword into a rock in such a manner that only the upper part of the weapon with the crosspiece and the pommel projected from the stone, standing out as the sign of the cross. After his death, a masonry rotunda with an adjacent chapel was built in the place of the hut-hermitage. Inside the Rotunda, the sword thrust in the rock is kept until today. The authenticity and convergence of the chronology of the weapon with the period of life of Galgano Guidotti were confirmed by recent scientific research by a chemist Luigi Garlaschelli at the beginning of the 21st c. Further interdisciplinary scientific examinations of the sword are planned

References:

Albergo V., Pistolesi A. 1990. San Galgano. Firenze ; Alonso J.I.G., Encinar J.R., Martinez J.A., Criado A.J. 1999. Origin of El Cid′s Sword Revealed by ICP–MS Metal Analysis. „Spectroscopy Europe” 11 (4), 10-15 ; Arbessmann R. 1961. The Three Earliest Vitae of Saint Galganus. In: S. Prete (ed.), Didascaliae Studies in Honour of A. M. Albareda. New York, 3-37 ; Benvenuti A. 2004. La spada nella roccia. L᾿epopea eremitica di Montesiepi. Firenze ; Cardini F. 1982. Leggenda di san Galgano confessore. Siena ; Cardini F. 1999. San Galgano e la spada nella roccia. Siena ; Conti A., Ianaccone L. 2007. La spada la roccia. San Galgano, la storia, le leggende. Milano ; Conti A. 2011. San Galgano, il santo, l᾿eremo, l᾿abbazia. Firenze ; Garlaschelli L. 2007. Indagini. Padua ; Głosek M. 1984. Miecze środkowoeuropejskie z X-XV w. Warszawa ; Gregorovius F. A. 1926. Geschichte der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter 2. Hellerau ; Gregorovius F. A. 2009. Historia miasta Rzymu w średniowieczu 2, Translation, commentary and edition by H. Pietruszczak, Zgorzelec ; Kuźmak K. 1989. Galgano Guidotti. In: L. Bieńkowski et al. (eds), Encyklopedia Katolicka V: Fabbri – Górzyński, Lublin ; Mansi G.B. (ed.) 1764. Legenda beati Galgano confessoris edita a fratre Rollando Pisano, cod. G. I, 2ff, k. 195r, 196v (XV w.), ed. G. B. Mansi. In: Stephani Baluzzi Miscellanea novo ordine digesta (…) 4. Lucca, 74-75 ; Marini M. 1995. Chiusdino. Il suo territorio e l᾿abbazia di San Galgano. Siena ; Moiraghi M. 2005. L′enigma di san Galgano. La spada nella roccia tra storia e mito. Milano ; Mottini G. E. 1949. Storia dell’arte Italiano: dalla origini al giorno nostri. Milano ; Petrici D. 1984, La spada di San Galgano (quella vera), [in:] L. Garlaschelli, Indagini. Padwa 2007, 7-9 ; Pfister P. 2001. La rotonda sul Montesiepi. San Galgano un santo insolito. Siena ; Relazione 2001. Cioni E. Il reliquiario della testa di san Galgano. Osservazioni sull᾿iconografia. In: Relazione al Convegno di Studi San Galgano e l′epopea eremitica di Montesiepi, Abbazia San Galgano, 20-21 ; Rossi R. 2001. Vita di San Galgano e origini di Montesiepi, Siena ; La Spada. La Spada nella Roccia di San Galgano, 6: http//www.bluedragon.it/non_fantasy/misteri/galgano.htm (accessed on 3 April 2013) ; Viti G. 2002. L′Abbazia cistercenze di San Galgano. Firenze ; Vitti C. 1977. A proposito di una monografia su San Galgano. „Notizie cisterciensis” 10, 229-256

Relation:

Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historicae

Volume:

27

Start page:

21

End page:

30

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:54814 ; 0860-0007

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P III 368 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 348 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P III 349 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Language of abstract:

pol

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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