The composition and variation of the diet of urban Kestrels in Warsaw (Central Poland) were studied during non-breeding periods (October-March) between 1995 and 2003. A total of 1 651 pellets were collected (at 15 sites), in which 2 390 vertebrate prey items were found. The most common prey were small rodents (80% of items, 78% of biomass), predominantly Common Voles. Birds were markedly less common (7% of items, 11% of biomass). The dietary composition was variable during the cold season. Mean ambient temperature and the consecutive day of the cold season did influence the diet composition but snow depth did not. The main prey category in the Kestrels' diet — Microtidae — remained stable and independent of weather conditions. The percentages of mice and birds were negatively affected by mean ambient temperature, and consumption of birds was higher at the beginning (October) than at the end of the winter (March). Prey number and biomass of prey per pellet decreased during the cold season but were not influenced by temperature. The index of food niche breadth was inversely proportional to temperature.
Mar 10, 2016
Jul 29, 2015
|Weather-Dependent Variation in the Cold-Season Diet of Urban Kestrels Falco tinnunculus / Żmihorski, Michał; Rejt, Łukasz||Mar 10, 2016|
Rejt, Łukasz. Luniak, Maciej (1936- ). Promotor Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii
Riegert, Jan Fainová, Drahomíra Mikeš, Václav Fuchs, Roman Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences
Rejt, Łukasz Turlejski, Krzysztof Bronche, Krzysztof Topczewski, Andrzej M. Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii
Salvati, Luca Manganaro, Alberto Fattorini, Simone Piattella, Emanuele Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii
Padilla, David P Nogales, Manuel Marrero, Patricia Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences
Adamiak, Wacław Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii
Rejt, Łukasz Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii
Żmihorski, Michał (1981- ) Wolsan, Mieczysław. Promotor Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii.