RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: Effect of simplification of grass cultures and soil conditions on Collembola (Apterygota) communities in a lysimetric experiment


Olejniczak, Izabella

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Simplification of grass cultures and soil conditions and Collembola communities


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology. Publishing Office

Place of publishing:

Dziekanów Leśny


Pages 209-224 : illustrations ; 27 cm ; Bibliographical references (pages 222-224)

Type of object:



In 1987-1989 a lysimetric experiment was designed to determine the effect of species composition of grass cultures (mono- and polyculture cultures) on Collembola communities, and to examine correlations between the abundance of Collembola and other soil organisms. Also the dependence of Collembola abundance on plant biomass was examined. Two plant communities were under study: simplified (Dactylis glomerata – monoculture) and comprising several species (a mixture of six grass species – polyculture). Plastic 0.16 m2 lysimeters were used, filled with alluvial soil made up of coarse sand. The soil was watered and fertilized with earthworm casts. The simplification of the plant community had an unequivocal effect on the density and species diversity of collembolans. Watering and fertilization accounted for an increase in the density of collembolans only in the upper soil layer of the severalspecies plant community. Fertilization had a shortterm effect, noticeable within 30 days after the introduction of casts. Cryptopygus bipunctatus, a pioneer species, was the dominant, accounting for over 50% of the community in the upper soil layer and for 30% in the lower layer.


Anderson J. M. 1978 - Inter- and intra- habitat relationship between Woodland Cryptostigmata species diversity and the diversity of soil and litter microhabitats - Oecologia, 32: 341-348.
Anderson J. M., Huish S. A., Ineson P., Leonard M. A., Splatt P. R. 1985 - Interactions of invertebrates, microorganisms and tree roots in nitrogen and mineral element fluxes in deciduous woodland soils (In: Ecological interactions in soil. Plants, microbes and animals. Eds. A. H. Fitter, D. Atkinson, D. J. Read, M. B. Usher) - Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Boston, Palo Alto, Melbourne, pp. 377-391.
Bardgett R. D., Frankland J. C., Whittaker J. B. 1993 - The effects of agricultural managment on the soil biota of some upland grasslands - Agric. Ecosystem Environ. 45: 25-45.
Blalock H. M. 1974 - Statystyka dla socjologów [Statistic for sociologists] - PWN, Warszawa, 400 pp. (in Polish).
Bodvarsson H. 1970 - Alimentary studies of seven common soil-inhabiting Collembola of Southern Sweden - Ent. Scand. 1: 74-80.
Butcher J. W., Snider R., Snider J. 1971 - Biocenology of edaphic Collembola and Acarina - Ann. Rev. of Entom. 16: 249-287.
Byzova J. W., Uvarov A. V., Lobutev A. P. 1988 - Pocvennye bezpozvonocnye lizymetrov s raznym rastitelnym pokrovom [Soil invertebrates in lysimeters with differen plant cover] (In: Ekologia mikroarthropod lesnych pocv [Ecology of microarthropods of forest soils] Ed. J. M. Cernova) - Nauka: pp. 101-114. (in Russian).
Cernova N. M., Byzova Ju. B., Cernova A. I. 1971 - Relationship of number, biomass and gaseus exchange rate indices in microarthropods in substrates with various organic contents - Pedobiologia, 11: 306-314.
Christian E., Thibud J. 1988 - Terrestrsch-interstitielle Collembola aus osterreichen und ungarischen Sanden - Pedobiologia, 31: 229-237.
Christiansen K. 1964 - Bionomics of Collembola - Ann. Rev. of Entom. 9: 147-178.
Curry J. P., Momen F. M. 1988 - The arthropod fauna of grassland on reclaimed cutaway peat in Central Ireland - Pedobiologia, 32: 99-109.
Czarnecki A. 1989 - Collembola jako element biologicznego systemu na obszarach podlegających silnej antropopresji [Collembola as a component of biological system in antropogenic area] - UMK, Toruń, 156 pp.
Diekkruger B., Roske H. 1995 - Modelling the population dynamics of Isotoma notabilis (Collembola) of sites of different agricultural usage - Pedobiologia, 39: 58-73.
Dunger W. 1963 - Leistungsspezifitat bei Streuzersetzern (In: Soil organisms. Eds. J. Doeksen, J. Van der Drift) - North-Holland Publ. Comp. Amsterdam, pp. 92-102.
Dunger W. 1968 - Die Entwicklung der Bodenfauna auf rekultievierten Kippen und Halden des Braunkohlentagebaues - Abh. Ber. Natur., Gorlitz, 43: 1-256.
Dunger W. 1991 - Zur Primarsukzession humiphager Tiergruppen auf Bergbauflachen - Zool. Jb. Syst. 118: 423-447.
Elandt R. 1964 - Statystyka matematyczna w zastosowaniu do doświadczalnictwa rolniczego [Mathematical statistic in agriculture experiments] - PWN, Warszawa, 400 pp. (in Polsish).
Freckman D. W. 1994 - Life in the soil. Soil biodiversity: its importance to ecosystem proceses. Report of a Workshop Held at The Natural History Museum, London, England, August 30-September 1, 1994, 20 pp
Gunn A., Cherrett J. M. 1993 – The exploitation of food resources by soil meso- and macro invertebrates - Pedobiologia, 37: 303-320.
Hagvar S. 1982 - Collembola in Norwegian coniferous forest soils. I. Relations to plant communities and soil fertility - Pedobiologia, 24: 255-296.
Hanlon R. D., Anderson J. M. 1979 - The effects of Collembola grazing on microbial activity in decomposing leaf liter - Oecologia, 38: 93-99.
Hanlon R. D., Anderson J. M. 1980 - Influence of macroarthropod feeding activities on microflora in decomposing oak leaves - Soil Biol. Biochem. 12: 255-261.
Heister C. 1990 - Collembolen und Raubmilben auf Unterschiedlich Verdichteten Ackerflachen unter Getreide - Verhandlung der Geselschaft fur Okologie, 19: 262-267
Heisler C. 1994 - Auswirkungen von Bodenverdichtungen auf die Bodenmesofauna: Collembola und Gamasina - ein dreijahriger Feldersuch - Pedobiologia, 38: 566-576.
Huhta V., Setala H., Haimi J. 1988 - Leaching of N and C from birch leaf litter and raw humus with special emphasis on the influence of soil fauna - Soil. Biol. Biochem. 20: 875-878.
Hutcheson K. 1970 - A test for comparing diversities based on the Shannon formula - J. Theor. Biol. 29: 151-154.
Ineson P., Leonard M. A., Anderson J. M. 1982 - Effect of collembolan grazing upon nitrogen and cation leaching from decomposing leaf litter - Soil Biol. Biochem. 14: 601-605.
Kaczmarek M. 1973 - Collembola in biotopes of the Kampinos National Park distinguished according to the natural succesion - Pedobiologia, 13: 257-272.
Kaczmarek M. 1991 - Communities of Collembola in reclaimed organic soil formed of various types of peat - Pol. ecol. Stud. 17: 221-247.
Kaczmarek M., Kajak A. 1997 - Microarthropods and decomposition processes in meadows of various plant species richness - Ekol. pol. 45: 795-813.
Kajak A., Andrzejewska L., Chmielewski K., Ciesielska Z., Kaczmarek M., Makulec G., Wasilewska L. 1985 - Long-term changes in grassland communities of heterotrophic organisms on drained fens - Pol. ecol. Stud. 11: 21-52.
Kajak A., Andrzejewska L., Ciesielska Z., Chmielewski K., Kaczmarek M., Makulec G., Pętal J., Ryszkowska J., Stopnicki J., Szanser M., Wasilewska L. 1991 - Ekologiczna analiza przemian zachodzących na torfowiskach pod wpływem gospodarki [The ecological analycal analysis of the changes in the peatlands following the management] - Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk rol. 372: 436-454.
Kajak A., Kusińska A., Makulec G., Olejniczak I., Pawłat H., Stefaniak O., Szanser M., Wasilewska L. 1989 - Baza danych uproszczonych zbiorowisk trawiastych Zakładu Krajobrazu (poprzednio Zakład Ekologii Gleby) IE PAN [Data base of grass communities simplification in the Department of Landscape Ecology (f. Department of Soil Ecology) IE PAS].
Kajak A., Wasilewska L. 1997 - Changes in meadow ecosystems as a consequence of secondary succession and plant diversity (synthesis of research) - Ekol. pol. 45: 839-859.
Keiser E. A., Heister C., Walenzik G., Heimemeyer O. 1991 - Einflusse von mechanischen Bodenbelastungen auf mikrobiele Biomassenetwicklung, Collembolenfauna, Denitrifikation und Mineralisation in einem Agrarstandort - Mitteilungen Dt. Bodenkundl. Gesellsch. 66: 531-534.
Kornaś J. 1990 - Jak i dlaczego giną zespoły roślinne? [How and why do plant communities disappear?] - Wiad. Bot. 32: 7-16. (in Polish).
Kornaś J., Dubiel E. 1990 - Przemiany zbiorowisk łąkowych w Ojcowskim Parku Narodowym w ostatnim trzydziestoleciu [Changes of grasslands in Ojcowski National Park during last period of thirty years] - Prace Muz. Szafera, Prądnik 2: 97-106. (in Polish).
Kostuch R. 1987 - Zmiany florystyczne zachodzące pod wpływem zróżnicowanego nawożenia azotowego [Changes due to different doses of nitrogen fertilization] - Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk roln. 308: 209-218.
Lussenhop J. 1981 - Microbial and microarthropod detrital processing in a prairie soil - Ecology, 62: 964-972.
Makulec G., Pilipiuk I. 2000 - Influence of plant diversity and earthworm casts on the abundance and species composition of enchytraeids (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) in a lysimeter experiment - Pol. J. Ecol. 48: 185-193.
Marczewski E., Steinhaus H. 1959 - Odległość systematyczna biotopów [On the taxonomic distance of biotop] - Zast. Matem. 4: 195-203. (in Polish).
Melecis V. 1987 - Springtails (Collembola) as bioindicators of soil pollution (In: Soil fauna and soil fertility. Ed. B. R. Striganova) - Proc. 9th Int. Col. Zool., Moscow pp. 123-124.
Moore J. C., Waiter D. E., Hunt H. W. 1988 - Arthropod regulation of micro- and mesobiota in below-ground detrital food webs - Ann. Rev. Entomol. 33: 419-439.
Odum E. P. 1985 - Trends expected in stressed ecosystems - BioScience, 35: 419-422.
Paoletti M. G., Favretto M. R., Stinner B. R., Purrington F. F., Bater J. E. 1991 - Invertebrates as bioindicators of soil use - Agric. Ecosystem Environ. 34: 341-362.
Pawłat H. 1982 - Granice produktywności nawadnianych zbiorowisk trawiastych w warunkach zróżnicowania nawożenia [The productivity of the watered grass communities in different conditions of fertilization] - SGGW, Warszawa, 20 pp. (in Polish).
Persson T., Lohm V. 1977 - Energetical significance of the annelids and arthropods in a Swedish grassland soil - Ecol. Bull. (Stockholm) 23.
Petersen H. 1982 - The total soil fauna biomass and its composition - Oikos, 39: 245-264.
Petersen H., Luxton M. 1982 - A comparative analysis of soil fauna populations and their role in the composition processes - Oikos, 39: 265-388.
Pielou E. C. 1966 - Shannon's formula as a measure of specific diversity. Its use and measure - Am. Nat. 100: 463-465.
Ponge J. F. 1993 - Biocenoses of Collembola in atlantic temperate grass-woodland ecosystems - Pedobiologia, 37: 223-244.
Saur E., Ponge J., F. 1988 - Paratullbergia callipygos using transmission electron microscopy - Pedobiologia, 31: 355-379.
Seasted T. R. 1984 - The role of microarthropods in decomposition and mineralization processes - Ann. Rev. of Entom. 29: 25-46.
Sgardelis S. P., Margaris N. S. 1993 - Effects of fire on soil microarthropods of phryganic ecosystem - Pedobiologia, 37: 83-94.
Shannon C. E., Wiener W. 1963 - The mathematical theory of communication - Univ. of Illionois Press. Urbana. 117 pp.
Siegel S. 1956 - Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences - Mc Graw-Hill Book Comp. New York, Toronto, London, 559 pp.
Stach J. 1947 - The Apterygotan fauna of Poland in relation to the world - fauna of this group of insects. Family: Isotomidae - Acta monogr. Cracoviae, Kraków, 488 pp.
Stach J. 1964 - Owady bezskrzydłe. Apterygota. Katalog Fauny Polski (Wingless insects. Aperygota. Catalogue of Polish Fauna] - PWN, Warszawa cz. 15, 214 pp. (in Polish).
Stebaeva S. K. 1970 - Zyznennye formy nogochwostok (Collembola) [Biological forms of springtails (Collembola)] - Zoologiceskij Zurnal XLIX. 10: 1437-1454. (in Russian).
Sterzyńska M. 1989a - Springtails (Collembola) of moist meadows on the Mazovian Lowland - Memorabilia Zool. 43: 61-81.
Sterzyńska M. 1989b - Collembola from urban areas. 3rd International Seminar on Apterygota, University of Siena, Siena, Italy: 347-354.
Sterzyńska M. 1990 - Communities of Collembola in natural and transformed soils of the linden-oak-hornbean sites of Mazovian Lowland - Frag. fau. 34: 165-262.
Striganova B. R. 1987 - Soil animals in detrite food webs (In: Soil fauna and soil fertility. Ed. B. R. Striganova) - Proc. 9th Int. Col. on Soil Zool. 1985, Moscow, pp. 18-23.
Striganova B. R. 1992 - Trophic relations in soil animal communities and decomposition rates - Pol. ecol. Stud.16: 119-130.
Tilman D., Downing J. A. 1994 - Biodiversity and stability in grasslands – Nature, 367: 363-366.
Tramer E. 1969 - Bird species diversity: Component of Shannon's formula - Ecology, 50: 927-929.
Usher M. B., Booth R. G., Sparkes K. E. 1982 - A review of progress in understanding the organization of communities of soil arthropods - Pedobiologia, 23: 126-144.
Vitousek P. M., Matson P. A., van Cleve K. 1989 - Nitrogen availability and nitrification during succession: Primary, secondary, and old-field seres (In: Ecology of Arable Land, Perspectives and Challenges. Eds. M. Clarholm, L. Bergstrom) - Kluwer Acad. Publ. pp. 161-171.
Zwart K. B., Burges S. L. G. E., Bloem J., Bouwman L. A., Brussard G., Didden W. A. M., Marinissen J. C. Y., Vreeken-Buijs M. J.. de Ruite P. C. 1994 - Population dynamics in the below ground food webs in the different agricultural system – Agric. Ecosystem Environ. 51: 187-198.


Polish Journal of Ecology





Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:


Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:113454 ; ISSN 1505-2249


MiIZ PAN, call no. P.2840 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:


Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.



Object collections:

Last modified:

Feb 4, 2022

In our library since:

Feb 17, 2020

Number of object content downloads / hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in RDFa format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:




Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information