Title: Upper Vistula River: response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment. 8, Zooseston


Żurek, Roman

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Zooseston in river


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology


Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology. Publishing Office

Place of publishing:

Dziekanów Leśny


Pages 201-221 : illustrations ; 27 cm ; Bibliographical references (pages 219-221)

Type of object:



Zooseston of the Vistula River section almost 340 km long was investigated in the years 1997/98. In 99 samples collected 90 species of rotifers, 16 cladocerans, 9 copepods and other animals belonging to: Harpacticoidea, Oligochaeta, Nematoda, Chironomidae, Odonata, Simulidae, Tardigrada and Coelenterata were found. Multiple regression analysis showed that the number of rotifers is significantly correlated with basic chemical indicators of water trophic state - phosphate, nitrate and nitrite as well as with the number of copepods which are usually predators. The numbers of copepods depends on the availability of possible prey, i.e. rotifers and cladocerans. Multiple regression confirmed known dependence of cladocerans from trophic conditions. Clustering of similarity matrices showed complex structure of sestonic assemblages on rhitral-potamal gradient additionally modified by hydrotechnical constructions. These constructions broke old river continuum. Ordination of sites gave complex pattern not only representing a simple gradient rithral - potamal but also all transient stages caused by hydrotechnical construction (large dam reservoir) or by inflows of polluted waters from the tributaries. Ecological meaning of principal component ordination (PC) for river zooseston assemblages is not simple and might be susceptible of various interpretations.


Admiraal W., Breebaart L., Tubbing G. M. J., Van Zanten B., de Ruijter van Steveninck E. D., Bijkerk R. 1994 - Seasonal variation in composition and production of planktonic communities in the lower River Rhine. - Freshwater Biology 32: 519-531.
Balogh K.V., Bothar A., Kiss K.T., Voros L. 1994 - Bacterio-, phyto- and zooplankton of the river Danube (Hungary). - Verh. Internal. Verein. Limnol. 25: 1692-1694.
Bednarz T., Żurek R. 1988 - A regulated river ecosystem in a polluted section of the Upper Visrula. 5. Seston. - Acta Hydrobiol., 30: 43-59.
Belsley D. A., Kuh E., Welch E. R. 1980 - Regression diagnostics: identifying influential data and sources of collinearity - New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 320.
Belsley D. A. 1991. Conditioning diagnostics: collinearity and weak data in regression - John Wiley & Sons, p. 396.
Butorin I. V., Mordukhai-Boltovskoi F. D. 1978 - Volga i ee zizn' [The river Volga and its life] - Nauka, Leningrad, pp 350 (in Russian).
Chessman B., Growns I., Currey J., Plunkett-Cole N. 1999 - Predicting diatom communities at the genus level for the rapid biological assessment of rivers - Freshwater Biology, 41 : 317-331.
Cushing C. E. 1964 - Plankton and water chemistry in the Montreal River lake-like system Saskatchewan. - Ecology, 45 : 306-313.
Doledec S. D., Chessel D. 1994 Co-inertia analysis: an alternative method for studying species environment relationships - Freshwater Biology, 31, 277-294.
Dumont H. J. 1986 - Zooplankton of the Niger system. (In: Eds: Davies B.R., Walker K.F. The ecology of River Systems.) - Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dodrecht, 49-59.
Greig-Smit P. 1980. The development of numerical classification and ordination - Veget., 42 : 1-9.
Greenberg A. E., Clesceri L. S., Eaton A. D. 1992 - Standard metods. APHA - Washington.
Hynes H. B. N. 1972 - The ecology of running waters - Liverpool University Press. pp. 555.
Jose de Paggi S. 1980 - Campaa limnológica "Keratella I" en El Rio Parana Medio: Zooplancton de ambientes lóticos. Ecol. Arg., 4: 69-75 (in Spanish).
Jose de Paggi S. 1981 - Variaciones temporales y distribución horizontal del zooplancton en algunos cauces secundarios del rio Parana Medio [Temporary variation and horizontal distribution of the zooplankton of some secondary rivers of the middle Paran River] - Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 16: 185-199 (in Spanish).
Kiss K. T. 1994 - Trophic level and eutrophication of the River Danube in Hungary - Verh. Internal. Verein. Limnol. 25: 1688-1691.
Kobayashi T., Gibbs P., Dixon P. I., Shiel R. J. 1996 - Grazing by a River zooplankton community: Importance of microzooplankton - Mar. Freshwater Res. 47: 1025-1036.
Kruglova A. N. 1991 - Zooplankton ozerno-recnoj sistemy reki Umby (bassjen Belogo moria) [Zooplankton of lake-river system of the Umba River (Basin of White sea) - Gidrobiol. Zh. 27: 4, 19-24. (in Russian)
Mordukhai-Boltovskoi F. D. 1978 - The river Volga and its life - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 350.
MacArthur R., Levins R. 1967 - The limiting similarity, convergence, and divergence of coexisting species - Am. Nat., 101: 377 -385.
May L., Bass J. A. B. 1998 - A study of rotifers in the River Thames, England, April-October, 1996 - Hydrobiologia 387/388: 251 -257.
Olszanowski Z. 1995 - 4. Zbiornik zaporowy Wisła Czarne [4. Dam reservoir Wisla Czarne] (In: Ed. Wróbel S. Zakwaszenie Czarnej Wisełki i eutrofizacja zbiornika zaporowego [Acidifying Czarna Vistula stream and eutrophication of dam reservoir - Czarna Wisełka]) - CIN, Kraków 1995, p. 23-26 (in Polish).
Pace M. L., Stuart E. G., Findlay S., Lints D. 1992 - Zooplankton in advective environments: The Hudson River community and a comparative analysis - Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 1060-1069.
Paggi J. C., Jose de Paggi S. 1974 - Primeros estudios sobre el zooplancton de las aguas loticas del Parana Medio. [First studies on the zooplankton of the lotic waters of the Middle Parana River basin] - Physis sec. B., 33: 91-114.
Pauli-Wilga J., Wojciechowski W. 1998 - Zagrożenie miasta Krakowa podczas powodzi w lipcu 1997 (In: Eds: Starkel L., Grela J. Dorzecze Wisły - monografia powodzi lipiec 1997 [Catchment of the Vistula - monography of the flood - July 1997] - Wyd. Oddz. PAN Kraków 1998, p. 87-102 (in Polish).
Papińska K. 1990 - Abundance and composition of rotifers in Vistula river - Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol., 37: 449-459.
Partchuk G. V. 1995 - Zooplankton i zoosirton reki Tisy i ee pritokov v predelach Ukrainy [Zooplankton and zoosyrton of Tisa River and its tributaries in limits of the Ukrainie] - Gidrobiol. Zh. 31: 25-37 (in Russian).
Pianka E. 1973 - The structure of lizard communities, Ann. Rev. Ecol. and Syst. 4: 53-74.
Pianka E. 1974 - Niche overlap and diffuse competition - Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 2142 -2145.
Pinkham F. A., Pearson J. G. 1976 - Applications of a new coefficient of similarity to pollution surveys - Journal WPCF. 48: 717-723.
Pirozhnikov P. L., Shulga Y. E. 1957 - Basic characteristics of the zooplankton of the lower River Lena. - Trudy vsesojuz. Gidrobiol. Obsc. 8: 219-230, 98-99 (in Russian).
Rey J., Vasquez E. 1989 - Bosminopsis brandorfii n. sp. (Crustacea, Cladocera) une nouvelle espece de Bosminidae des systemes Amazone et Orinoque. - Annls.Limnol. 25, 215-218 (in French).
Ruttner-Kolisko A. 1972 - III Rotatoria, (In: Eds: Elster, H.J., Ohle, W. Die Binnengewsser) 26: 99-234.
De Ruyter van Steveninck E. D., Admiraal W. Breebaart L. Tubbing G. M. J., van Zanten B. 1992 - Plankton in the river Rhine: structural and functional changes observed during downstream transport - J. Plankton Res. 14: 1351-1368.
De Ruyter van Steveninck E. D., Admiraal W., van Zanten B. 1990 - Changes in plankton communities in regulated reaches of the Lower River Rhine - Regulated Rivers: Research & development, 5: 67-75.
Saunders III J. F., Lewis Jr. W. M. 1989 - Zooplankton abundance in the lower Orinoco River, Venezuela - Limnol. and Oceanogr. 34: 597-409.
Shiel R. J. 1986 - Zooplankton of the Murray - Darling system. (In: Eds: Davies B. R., Walker K. F. The ecology of River Systems) - Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dodrecht, 661-667.
Shiel R. 1990 - Zooplankton (In: Eds: Mackay N., Eastbum D. The Murray.) - Murray Darling Basin Commission, Canberra p. 275-284.
Slon J., Kowalczewski A. 1991 - Spatial differentiation of environmental conditions and seston in the Vistula, in the Warsaw area - Ekol. Pol., 39: 291 -321.
Stander J. M. 1970 - Diversity and similarity of bentic fauna of Oregon - M. S. Thesis, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis p. 72.
Tailing J. F., Rzóska J. 1967 - The development of plankton in relation to hydrobiological regime in the Blue Nile - J. Ecol. 55: 637-662.
Tseyeb Y. Y. 1961 - Zooplankton of the soviet section of the Danube - Trudy Inst. Gidrobiol. 36: 103-127 (in Russian, Engl. summ.)
Tubbing G. M. J., Admiraal W., Backhaus D., Friedrich G., de Ruyter van Steveninck E. D., Muller D., Keller I. 1994. - Results of an international plankton investigation on the river Rhine - Wat. Sci. Tech. 29: 9-19.
Van den Brink F. W. B., Van Katwijk M. M., Van der Vel de G. 1994 - Impact of hydrology on phyto- and zooplankton community composition in floodplain lakes along the Lower Rhine and Meuse - J. Plankt. Res. 16: 351-373.
Wiegleb G. 1980 - Some applications of principal component analysis in vegetation; ecological research of aquatic communities - Veget. 42: 67-73.
Wu H. 1987 - Possible effects of the proposed eastern route diversion of Changjiang (Yangtze) River water to the northern provinces with emphasis on the hydrobiological environment of the main water bodies along the transfer route, (In: Eds: Craig, J.F., Kemper, J.B. Regulated Streams Advanced in Ecology) p. 363-372.
Żurek R., Dumnicka E. 1989 - The fate of zooplankton in a river after leaving a dam reservoir. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih., 33: 549-561.
Żurek R. 2000 - Diversity of flora and fauna in running water of the Cracovian Province, southern Poland - Acta Hydrobiol. 42: 305-330.
Żurek R., Kasza H. 2002 - Upper Vistula River: Response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment 1. Problem, outline of research and study area - Pol. J. Ecol., 50: 107-122.
Żytkowicz R., Błędzki L., Gizinski A., Kentzer A., Wiśniewski R. J., Żbikowski J. 1990 - Zbiornik Włocławski. Ekologiczna Charakterystyka pierwszego zbiornika zaporowego planowanej kaskady dolnej Wisły [Włocławek Dam reservoir. Ecological characteristic of the first reservoir of planned cascade of the Lower Vistula] In: Ed. Kajak Z. Funkcjonowanie ekosystemów wodnych ich ochrona i rekultywacja. Część I. Ekologia zbiorników zaporowych i rzek, [Functioning of water ecosystems, their protection and recullivtation Part 1.) - SGGW-AR, Warszawa. p. 201-225. (in Polish)


Polish Journal of Ecology





Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:


Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:121270 ; ISSN 1505-2249


MiIZ PAN, call no. P.2840 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:


Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.



Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 2, 2020

In our library since:

Apr 21, 2020

Number of object content hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:





Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information