Object

Political Factors In Anthropological and Historical Research on Twentieth-century Rwanda
This publication is protected by copyright. Check the terms of use in the publication description.
This publication is protected by copyright. Check the terms of use in the publication description.

Title: Political Factors In Anthropological and Historical Research on Twentieth-century Rwanda

Creator:

Bar, Joanna

Date issued/created:

2010-2011

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Ethnologia Polona 31-32 (2010-2011)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszwa

Description:

24 cm

Abstract:

Experts on the topic have traditionally looked for the genesis of the Rwandan genocide in a number of interrelated factors, among which a leading role is played by those related to ethnicity, colonial government policies, and the seizure of power by the Hutu in the period after independence. In recent decades, a highly controversial stereotype has arisen, expressed in a radical form by B. Bruneteau, who wrote that it was the European study of races that created differences in the anthropological construction of the Tutsi, Hutu and Twa, and then made use of these for political purposes. Doubts about this finding provide the basis for this article. The author is aware that political considerations have too often accompanied and continue to accompany publications on ethnic relations, often resulting in the manipulation of statistical data. Ever more crucial, therefore, is the role of interdisciplinary research, which is important for a full understanding of the factors that led to the instability of the Rwandan state in the second half of the twentieth century

References:

Bar Joanna, 2002, An Evaluation of Czekanowski’s Research on Africa in the Light of Later Research, with Special Reference to Poland, [in:] Jan Czekanowski. Africanist Ethnographer and Physical Anthropologist in Early Twentieth-Century Germany and Poland, [ed.] Adam Jones, University of Leipzig Papers on Africa, History and Culture Series, no. 10 (2002), Leipzig 2002, pp. 31–46 ; Bar Joanna, 2007 Afrykanistyczne badania Jana Czekanowskiego. W stulecie wyprawy, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Pedagogicznej w Krakowie, Kraków 2007, p. 159 ; Bar Joanna, 2011 Rwanda – perspektywy rozwoju kraju, [in:] Problemy bogactwa i biedy we współczesnej Afryce, (ed.) Arkadiusz Żukowski, Forum Politologiczne, vol. 12, Instytut Nauk Politycznych Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie, Olsztyn 2011, pp. 517–540 ; Bruneteau Bernard, 2005, Wiek ludobójstwa, trans. Beata Spieralska, Oficyna Wydawnicza „Mówią wieki”, Warszawa ; Curtin Philip, Feierman Steven, Thompson Leonard, Vansina Jan, 2003, Historia Afryki, trans. M. Jannasz, Wydawnictwo MARABUT, Gdańsk ; Czapliński Marek, 1992, Niemiecka polityka kolonialna, Poznań ; Czekanowski Jan, 1911–1927, Forschungen im Nil – Kongo – Zwischengebiet, Bd. I, Ethnographie. Zwischenseengebiet. Mpororo / Ruanda. Mit einem musikalischen Anhang von. E.M. v. Hornbostel, Leipzig 1917; Bd. III, Ethnographisch – anthropologischer Atlas. Zwischenseen – Bantu / Pygmäen und Pygmoiden / Urwaldstämme. Mit 139 Tafeln in Lichtdruck, Leipzig 1911 ; Czekanowski Jan, 1958 W głąb lasów Aruwimi. Dziennik wyprawy do Afryki środkowej, Prace Etnologiczne, t. 6, Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze, Wrocław ; Czekanowski Jan, 1961 Feudalne państwa pasterskie afrykańskiego Międzyjezierza, Przegląd Socjologiczny, vol. 15, pp. 21–60 ; Des Forges Alison, 2002, Kein Zeuge darf überlegen. Der genozid in Ruanda, Hamburger Edition, Hamburg ; Goyvaerts Didier, ed. 2000, Conflict and Ethnicity in Central Africa, Institute for the study of languages and cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo ; Jones Adam, ed., 2002, Jan Czekanowski. Africanist Ethnographer and Physical Anthropologist in Early Twentieth-Century Germany and Poland, University of Leipzig Papers on Africa, History and Culture Series, no. 10 (2002), Leipzig ; Kania Franciszek, 2003, Rwanda wczoraj i dziś: 21 lat posługi misyjnej w Rwandzie (1973–1994), Apostolicum, Ząbki ; Kapuściński Ryszard, 2005, Heban, Czytelnik, Warszawa ; Kinzer Stephen, 2008, A Thousand Hills. Rwanda’s Rebirth and the Man Who Dreamed It, New Jersey ; Kuperman Alan J., 2001, The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda, Brooking Institution Press, Washington D.C ; Mamdani Mahmood, 2001, When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism and the Genocide in Rwanda, Princeton University Press, Princeton ; Pałyga Jan, 1984, W środku Afryki, Pallotyni polscy w Rwandzie, Pallottinum, Poznań–Warszawa ; Pałyga Jan, 1998, Czas apokalipsy, czas nadziei, Apostolicum, Ząbki ; Prunier Gérard, 1995, The Rwanda Crisis. History of a Genocide, Columbia University Press, New York ; Prunier Gérard, 2009, Africa’s World War. Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe, University Press, Oxford ; Tymowski Michał, ed., 1996, Historia Afryki do początku XIX wieku, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, Wrocław–Warszawa–Kraków ; Zins Henryk, 1986, Historia Afryki Wschodniej, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, Wrocław–Warszawa–Kraków ; Ziółkowski Bogdan, 2002, Konflikty zbrojne we współczesnej Afryce. Stan obecny na tle historycznym. Zarys, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń

Relation:

Ethnologia Polona

Volume:

31-32

Start page:

151

End page:

167

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:61374 ; 0137-4079

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 366 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 367 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 368 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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