Object

Title: Chrześcijański demokrata wobec kryzysu demokracji w Europie lat trzydziestych: przypadek Alcide De Gasperiego

Creator:

Pazik, Przemysław

Date issued/created:

2016

Resource Type:

Article : original article

Subtitle:

Dzieje Najnowsze : [kwartalnik poświęcony historii XX wieku] R. 48 z. 4 (2016)

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Wydawnictwo DiG

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 89-107 ; Sum. eng.

Abstract:

The text embarks upon the motif of the evolution of the political reflections of Alcide De Gasperi, one of the key Italian politicians of the interwar period and the Prime Minister of Italy after 1945, in the face of a crisis of the democracy during the 1930s. The basic source for a reconstruction of De Gasperi’s views are the commentaries about international politics written by this Italian Christian Democrat for the bi-weekly ”l’Illustrazione Vaticana” in 1933–1938. By following the way in which he described political dynamics in Germany, France, and Spain it is possible to perceive the key topics of De Gasperi’s deliberations about politics in general: a defence of parliamentarianism, a critique of the pre-1929 free-market economy, and the need for a new social order, which the Italian politician discovered in personalism. Those three motifs merge in descriptions and assessments of events transpiring in the above–mentioned countries; moreover, they compromise the prime axes of the transformation of the Italian Christian-democratic doctrine into a mature ideology of a ruling party, which the Christian Democracy became after 1945.

References:

Craveri P., De Gasperi, Bologna 2006.
De Rosa G., Sturzo, De Gasperi e la crisi europea delgi anni trenta, w: I cattolici isontini nel XX secolo, t. II, Gorizia 1982, s. 7–26.
Delbreil J.-C., Christian Democracy and Centrism: The Popular Democratic Party in France, w: W. Kaiser, H. Wohnout (red.), Political Catholicism in Europe 1918–1945, London–New York 2004, s. 116–136.
Eisler J., 6 lutego 1934 r. — realia, mity interpretacje, „Dzieje Najnowsze” 1984, r. XVI, nr 1, s. 51–79.
Eisler J., Od monarchizmu do faszyzmu: Koncepcje polityczno-społeczne prawicy francuskiej 1918–1940, Warszawa 1987.
Formigoni G., L’europa vista dal Vaticano: De Gasperi commentatore della politica internazionale, w: E. Conze, G. Corni, P. Pombeni (red.), Alcide De Gasperi: Un percorso europeo, Bologna 2005, s. 169–193.
Formigoni G., L’Italia dei cattolici: Dal Risorgimento a oggi, Bologna 2010.
Giovagnoli A., La cultura democristiana tra Chiesa cattolica e identità italiana, 1918–1948, Roma 1991.
Kobylińska Z., Umoralnić życie publiczne: Luigiego Sturza doktryna społeczno-polityczna, Olsztyn 2012.
Melloni M., Alcide De Gasperi alla Biblioteca Vaticana (1929–1943), w: E. Conze, G. Corni, P. Pombeni (red.), Alcide De Gasperi: Un percorso europeo, Bologna 2005, s. 141–168.
Paoluzi A., Introduzione, w: A. Paoluzi (red.), De Gasperi e l’Europa degli anni trenta, Roma 1974, s. 7–60.
Pombeni P., Il primo De Gasperi: La formazione di un leader politico, Bologna 2007.
Skibiński P., Między ołtarzem a tronem: Państwo i Kościół w Hiszpanii w latach 1931–1953, Warszawa 2013.
Zieliński Z., Epoka rewolucji i totalitaryzmów, Lublin 1993.
Zieliński Z., Papiestwo i papieże dwóch ostatnich wieków, Poznań 2007.

Relation:

Dzieje Najnowsze : [kwartalnik poświęcony historii XX wieku]

Volume:

48

Issue:

4

Start page:

89

End page:

107

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:61691 ; 0419-8824

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. A.507/48/4 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. A.508/48/4 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

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