Title: Energy balance and food requirements of adult vipers Vipera berus (L.)


Pomianowska-Pilipiuk, Irmina

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Energy balance and food requirements of...


Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Ekologii


Polish Scientific Publishers

Place of publishing:



Pages 195-211 : illustrations ; 24 cm ; Bibliographical references (pages 210-211) ; Abstract in Polish

Type of object:



In the diet of vipers rodents predominate. The bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreb.) is the most common prey animal. Also frog are rathter frequently consumed. The calculated consumption is 349.8 kcal per adult individual per year, or 25 rodents, 6 frogs and few animals from other systematic groups. As the density of vipers in the study area was one individual per hectar, the impact of this predator on rodent population seems to be insignificant.


1. Andrzejewski R. 1963 - Processes of incoming, settlement and disappearance of individuals and variations in the numbers of small rodents - Acta theriol. 7: 169-213.
2. Babińska J. 1972 - Estimation of rodent consumption on a meadow ecosystem belonging to the community of Molinietalia order - Ekol. pol. A, 20: 747-761.
3. Brehm A. 1893 – Tierleben - Vol. 7, Leipzig und Wien: 392-412.
4. Frommhold E. 1964 - Die Kreuzotter - Wittenberg-Lutherstadt, 76 pp.
5. Goszczyński J. 1972 - Metody badania pokarmu drapieżnych ptaków i ssaków - Wiad. ekol. 18: 360-374.
6. Górecki A. 1967 - Caloric values of the body in small rodents (In: Secondary Productivity of Terrestial Ecosystems. Ed. K. Petrusewicz) - PWN, Warszawa-Kraków, 315-321.
7. Kozlovsky D. G. 1968 - A critical evaluation of the trophic level concent - Ecology, 49: 48-60.
8. Moulder B. C., Reichle D. E., Auerbach S. I. 1970 - Significance of spider predation in the energy dynamics of forest floor Arthropod communities - Publ. Health Physics Div. Oak Ridge Nat. Lab. UC - 48: 1-170.
9. Parent G. M. 1968 - Contribution a la connaisance du peuplement herpetalogique de la Belgique. Note I: Quelques donnees sur la repartition et sur l'ecologie de la vipere peliade (Vipera berus berus) en Belgique et dans le NE de la France - Bull. Inst. r. Sci. Nat. Belg. 44: 1-34.
10. Pielowski Z. 1962 - Untersuchungen Uber die Okologie der Kreuzotter (Vipera berus L.) - Zool. Jb. Syst. 89: 479-950.
11. Pomianowska I. 1972 - Metabolic Rate in Adder (Vipera berus L.) - Bull. Acad. pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Biol. 20: 143-146.
12. Prestt I. 1971 - An ecological study of the viper Vipera berus in southern Britain - J . Zool. 164: 373-418.
13. Psenner H. 1939 - Die Vipera Grossdeutschlands - Berlin, 64 pp.
14. Rammner W. 1956 - Brehms Tierleben - Vol. 2, Leipzig-Jena, 388 pp.
15. Saint-Girons M. 1952 - Ekologie et ethologie des viperes de France - Ann. Sci. Nat. (Zool.) ser. 11, 14: 265-335.
16. Skoczylas R. 1969 - Preliminary observations on gastric temperature in the grass snake Natrix natrix L. - Zool. Pol. 19: 525-544.
17. Skoczylas R. 1970 - Influence of temperature on gastric digestion in the grass snake Natrix natrix L. - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 33: 793-804.
18. Templeton J. R. 1970 - Reptiles (In: Comparative physiology of thermoregulation, Ed. G. C. Whitlow) - New York-London, 167-218.
19. Traczyk T. 1966 - Plant contmunities of Strzeleckie Meadows in Kampinos Forest - Ekol. pol. A, 14: 285-299.
20. Vainio J. 1932 - Zur Verbreitung und biologic der Kreuzotters (Vipera berus L.) in Finland - Suomal. elain-ja kasvit. Seur. van. Julk., 12: 1-19.


Ekologia Polska





Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:




Resource Identifier:



MiIZ PAN, call no. P.2840 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

- ; Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at:

Digitizing institution:

Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.



Object collections:

Last modified:

Dec 11, 2020

In our library since:

Jun 19, 2019

Number of object content hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:




Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information