Object

Title: O pionierkach w dyplomacji amerykańskiej i Ruth Bryan Owen – pierwszej Madame Poseł USA

Subtitle:

Dzieje Najnowsze : [kwartalnik poświęcony historii XX wieku] R. 50 z. 3 (2018)

Contributor:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

p. 161-184 ; Summary in Polish and English ; Projects co-financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education ; 23 cm

Abstract:

The main aim of the article is to presents efforts of American women seeking employment in the U.S. foreign service after the First World War. Their attempts and endeavours to break through tradition and prejudices resulted in the 1920s to the employment of first women in the American diplomacy, despite hindrances and resistance of the governmental milieus. Ruth Bryan Owen, appointed in 1933 by Franklin Delano Roosevelt as minister plenipotentiary to Denmark, went down in history as the first American female head of American foreign post.

References:

Advocate for the Doomed. The Diaries and Papers of James G. McDonald, ed. R. Breitman, B. McDonald Stewart, S. Hochberg, Bloomington 2007. ; American Ambassadors. The Past, Present, and the Future of America’s Diplomats, ed. M. Boichel Thompson, New York 2014. ; Andersen K., After Suffrage. Women in Partisan and Electoral Politics before the New Deal, Chicago 1996. ; Banner L.W., Women in Modern America. A Brief History, New York 1973. ; Barnes W., Morgan J.H., The Foreign Service of the United States. Origins, Development, and Functions, Washington 1961. ; Bredbenner C.L., A Nationality of Her Own. Women, Marriage, and the Law of Citizenship, Los Angeles 1998. ; Brown D.M., Setting a Course. American Women in the 1920s, New York 1987. ; Brown R., Ruth Bryan Owen. Congresswoman and Diplomat. An Intimate Portrait, Pasadena 2014. ; Bryan Owen R., Castle in the Silver Wood and other Scandinavian Fairy Tales, retold R. Bryan Owen (Mrs. Borge Rohde), ills. M. Simont, New York 1939. ; Bryan Owen R., Denmark Caravan, ills. H. Collin, New York 1936. ; Bryan Owen R., Look Forward, Warrior, New York 1943. ; Bryan Owen R., Picture Tales from Scandinavia, selected and retold R. Bryan Owen, ills. E. Brock, New York 1939. ; Calkin H.L., Women in the Department of State. Their Role in American Foreign Affairs, Washington 1978. ; Crane K.E., Mr. Carr of State. Forty-Seven Years in the Department of State, New York 1960. ; Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, ed. D.J. Wishart, Lincoln 2004. ; Evans S.M., Born for Liberty. A History of Women in America, New York 1989. ; Ford L.E., Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics, New York 2008. ; Gardner M.M., The Qualities of a Citizen. Women, Immigration, and Citizenship, 1870–1965, Princeton 2005. ; Harriman F.J., Mission to the North, Philadelphia–New York 1941. ; Hoff-Wilson J., Conclusion: Of Mice and Men, w: Women and American Foreign Policy. Lobbyists, Critics, and Insiders, ed. E.P. Crapol, New York 1987, s. 173–188. ; Hull C., The Memoirs of Cordell Hull, vol. I, London 1948. ; Ilchman W.F., Professional Diplomacy in the United States, 1779–1939. A Study in Administrative History, Chicago 1961. ; Jeffreys-Jones R., Changing Differences. Women and the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, 1917–1994, New Brunswick 1995. ; Kaptur M., Women of Congress. Twentieth-Century Odyssey, Washington 1996. ; Koenig L.W., Bryan. A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan, New York 1971. ; Lemons J.S., The Woman Citizen. Social Feminism in the 1920s, Chicago 1973. ; McCarthy H., Women of the World. The Rise of the Female Diplomat, London 2014. ; Miller Morin A., Her Excellency. An Oral History of American Women Ambassadors, New York 1995. ; Moskin J.R., American Statecraft. The Story of the U.S. Foreign Service, New York 2013. ; Parafianowicz H., Departament Stanu i narodziny profesjonalnej służby zagranicznej USA, „Przegląd Humanistyczny” 2004, t. XLVIII, nr 6, s. 65–82. ; Parafianowicz H., Ekscelencje w dyplomacji. Amerykanki w służbie zagranicznej w okresie międzywojennym, w: Drogi kobiet do polityki (na przestrzeni XVIII–XXI wieku), red. T. Kulak, M. Dajnowicz, Wrocław 2016, s. 289–311. ; Plischke E., A Profile of American Diplomatic Emissaries Since 1776, Washington 1975. ; Plischke E., U.S. Department of State. A Reference History, Westport–London 1999. ; Plischke E., United States Diplomats and Their Mission. A Profile of American Diplomatic Emissaries since 1778, Washington 1975. ; Schulzinger R.D., The Making of the Diplomatic Mind. The Training, Outlook, and Style of United States Foreign Service Officers, 1908–1931, Middletown 1975. ; Stuart G.H., American Diplomatic and Consular Practice, New York–London 1936. ; Stuart G.H., The Department of State. A History of Its Organization, Procedure, and Personnel, New York 1949. ; The Foreign Service at Work, ed. W.D. Morgan, Ch.S. Kennedy, London 2004. ; The New Encyclopedia of the American West, ed. H.R. Lamar, New Haven 1998. ; Tolchin S., Women in Congress, Washington 1976. ; Votes for Women. The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited, ed. J.H. Baker, New York 2002. ; Ware S., Beyond Suffrage. Women in the New Deal, Cambridge 1981. ; Weil M., A Pretty Good Club. The Founding Fathers of the U.S. Foreign Service, New York 1978. ; Wickers S.P., Ruth Bryan Owen. Florida’s First U.S. Congresswoman and America’s First Ambassador to Denmark, Tallahassee 2009. ; Wilder Spaulding E., Ambassadors Ordinary and Extraordinary, Washington 1961. ; Young L.M., Ruth Bryan Owen Rohde, w: Notable American Women. A Biographical Dictionary, vol. IV: The Modern Period, ed. B. Sicherman, C. Hurd Green et al., Cambridge 1980.

Relation:

Dzieje Najnowsze : [kwartalnik poświęcony historii XX wieku]

Volume:

50

Issue:

3

Start page:

161

End page:

184

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:71984 ; oai:rcin.org.pl:71984 ; 0419-8824 ; 2451-1323 ; 10.12775/DN.2018.3.06

Source:

IH PAN, sygn. A.507/50/3 Podr. ; IH PAN, sygn. A.508/50/3 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

pol

Language of abstract:

eng ; pol

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-ND 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-ND 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of History PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Ministry of Science and Higher Education

×

Citation

Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information