Disaster mitigation is among the most important issues the world is faced with. However, good governanceat the time of mitigation needs to be combined with the presentation and analysis of scientific results withthe real aim of making future activity more effective. In this study, we have analyzed factors included amongthe non-structural measures taken against the disaster. The differences between social activites are relatedto disaster mitigation in respect of the 2011 mega-tsunami. A questionnaire survey of social activities servingevacuation and disaster prevention in the southern part of the huge area of lowland in the Abukuma riverbasin was carried out, and differences were found between local community-level risk communication systemson each coastal landform and land use changes following the Great Eastern Japanese Earthquake and tsunamiof 2011. The leadership of local community activities, presence of an evacuation system and repeated evacuationdrill, knowledge sharing for prevention, good governance, hazard mapping in the local community andadequate risk communication were all found to play useful key roles in risk reduction as regards the tsunami.
1. Dawson A.G., 1999. Linking tsunami deposits, submarine slides and offshore earthquakes. Quaternary International, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 119-126. ; - ; 2. Fukkou-sien research team, 2011. Reconstruction assistance. Survey archive. http://fukkou.csis.utokyo.ac.jp/ [14 January 2014]. ; 3. Haruyama S., 1993. Geomorphology of the central plain of Thailand and its relationship with recent flood conditions. Geo-Journal, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 327-334. ; 4. Haruyama S., 2007. Local community empowerment and security against natural disaster. The Journal of Rural Planning, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 105-109 [Japanese]. ; 5. Haruyama S. (ed.), 2013. Coastal geomorphology and vulnerability of disaster towards disaster risk reduction. Tokyo: Terrapub. ; 6. Haruyama S., Mizuno S., 2007. Disaster of 2004 Fukui flood and local prevention activities. Natural Disaster Science, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 307-322. ; 7. Haruyama S., Shida K., 2008. Geomorphologic land classification map of the Mekong delta utilizing JERS-1S SAR Images. Hydrological Processes, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1373-1381. ; - ; 8. Haruyama S., Tsujimura A., 2009. Possibility of community- based activities for disaster preventionlesson from 2004 Toyoooka Flood. E-Journal GEO, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-20. ; - ; 9. Haruyama S., Ohokura H., Simking T., Simking R., 1996. Geomorphologic zoning for flood inundation using satellite data. Geo-Journal, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 273-278. ; - ; 10. Koarai M., Takamoto O., Takamoto N., Izumi K., 2011. Geographic characteristics of Tsunami flooded area by the Great East Japan Earthquake. Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, http://www.gsi.go.jp/common/000064460.pdf [14 January 2014]. ; 11. Matsuta N., Sugito N., Goto H., Isiguro S., Nakata T., Watanab e M., Une H., Tamura T., Kumahara Y., Hori K., Hirouchi D., Umitsu M., Usui T ., Suzuki Y ., 2012. Significance and background of mapping the area hit by the tsunami on March 11, 2011, Northeast Japan. E-Journal GEO, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 214-224. ; 12. McMurtry G., Watts P., Fryer G., Smith J.R., Imamura F. 2004. Giant landslides, mega-tsunamis and paleo-sea level in the Hawaiian islands. Marine Geology, vol. 203, no. 3-4, pp. 219-233. ; - ; 13. Meteorological Agency, 2011. Tsunami Observation Information, http://www.jma.go.jp/jp/tsunami/observation_04_20110313180559.html [11 Novemeber 2011]. ; 14. Oya M., Haruyama S., 1987. Flooding and urbanization in the lowlands of Tokyo and vicinity. Natural Disaster Science, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-12. ; 15. Scheffers S., Scheffers A., Kelletat D., Bryant E .A., 2008. The Holocene paleo-tsunami history of west Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 270, no. 1-2, pp.137-146. ; - ; 16. Taresawa Y. Haruyama S., 2013. Coastal Landform in the southern part of Miyagi Prefecture and 2011 Tsunami Disaster [in:] S. Haruyama (ed.), Coastal geomorphology and vulnerability of disaster towards disaster risk reduction. Tokyo: Terrapub, pp. 87-96. ; 17. Umitsu M., 2011. Tsunami direction in Sendai and Ishinomaki plain. Proceedings of East Japan Mega Earthquake Symposium in a viewpoint of earth planet and human sphere, pp. 22-25. ; 18. Umitsu M., Takahashi M., 2007. Geo-environmental features in the damages of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in/around Banda Aceh, Indonesia. E-journal GEO, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 121-131. ; -
Jul 6, 2018
Aug 8, 2014
|Haruyama S., Taresawa Y. - Local community activities for disaster reduction in regard to the 2011 tsunami||Jul 6, 2018|
Chmielewski, Tadeusz J.
Góralski, Władysław ( -2008) Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Ohdachi, S. Maekawa, K.
Hearn, Lafcadio (1850-1904) Bielecka, B. (tłumacz). Tł. Lange, Antoni (1861-1929). Red.
Fraissinet, Édouard (18..-18..) Laskarys, Jerzy (1828-1888). Tł.
Posner, Stanisław (1868-1930). Oprac.