Acceleralion of soientif!c and technological progress and of industrial, metropolitan and agricultural development leads to man's confrontation with nature. The influence of man on natura changes the equilibrium of its laws and established processes which leads to unpredictable conseąuences. Generally, these are negative, such as desertification, water and atmospheric pollution, lncrease in soil acidity or salinlty, destructlon of forests and severe exhaustion of nalural resources, impacts on human health and genetic mutations in plants and animals. Thls primarily occurs al the loca! and regional levels, leads to unpredictable negatlve consequences for the separate regions, and gradually also leads to negative consequences for the entire biosphere. The increasing scale and significance of man's role as an agent of global change was forcefully articulated between the two World Wars by a remarkable group of scholars. These included the French theologian and paleontologist, Pierre Teilhard de Chant.in, the Austrian-born American biophysicist, Alfred J. Lotka, and above all, I.he Russian mineraloglst, Vladimir lvanovich Vernadsky. Vernadsky (1926) first formulated the concept of the biosphere as the only terrestrlal envelope in which life can exist. In Vernadsky's opinion the most signlficant aspect of man's development was not his technology per se but rather the sense of global knowledge and communication engendered by that technology. He portrayed th!s "noosphere" or realm of thoughl as a new geological phenomenon on our planet. Vernadsky's main conoept was strongly developed by Soviet Academlc!an Vladimir Nikolajevich Suckachev (1964} as a complete science of biogeocenology or the science of eoosystems. Man's role as an agent of global change is associated wlth the emergence of an lncreasingly lnterdependent world economic system (Richards, 1985). Following he second World War, expanding industrial and agricultural developmant.
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.
Oct 15, 2021
Jul 19, 2021